Finnish municipalities enjoy ample fiscal autonomy and provide or arrange the provision of a large share of public services. In recent years, their spending and debt has been increasing steadily, especially because of population ageing and increases in the cost of health care and social services.
Finland’s population is set to age rapidly in the coming decades. This will put pressure on public finances, while shrinking labour resources. Nonetheless, solutions exist to alleviate those pressures. Adjusting the pension age in line with the rise in life expectancy would reduce pension costs and increase older workers’ employment, provided it is accompanied by the removal of the pathways to early retirement.
This report reviews the impact of pay increases on nurses’ labour market in four countries (UK, New Zealand, Finland and Czech Republic). Pay increases contributed to an increase in potential new entrants to nurse education, but the effect on nurses already in work is more difficult to assess.
Maintaining high participation and employment in the face of the recent recession and a rapidly ageing population are major challenges for policy makers in Finland.
This report examines the performance of the Public Employment Service (PES) and the effectiveness of activation strategies in Finland. It covers the role of the key actors, the placement function of the PES ...
Investment in information technologies has by no means been confined to the United States and yet, average European or Japanese growth experience has been quite different.
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This working paper provides a preliminary overview of the main hospital administrative data sets potentially available in Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Sweden and the United States.