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English, , 719kb
This “Country Chapter” provides a detailed description of tax and benefit rules in Austria in 2008 and a summary of policy trends.
The Aid for Trade at a Glance 2009: Maintaining Momentum report presents the results of the second monitoring exercise of the Aid for Trade Initiative and documents its success so far.
Despite progress in recent years, there is growing evidence that OECD countries are not on track to reach some of their key environmental goals. This report examines the strategies and instruments that governments use to ensure compliance with pollution prevention and control regulations.
This book is part of the OECD Environmental Performance Reviews Programme, which conducts peer reviews of environmental conditions and progress in each member country. It scrutinises countries' efforts to meet both domestic objectives and international commitments.
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
Maintaining high participation and employment in the face of the current recession and a rapidly ageing population are major challenges for policy makers. The recession of the early 1990s showed that high unemployment can leave long–lasting scars on labour markets.
Finland was among the most affected OECD countries during the crisis as demand for its mainly capital–goods intensive exports collapsed. The financial sector weathered the shock well, but credit contracted, reflecting both demand and supply factors.
The costs of the recession and ageing are a challenge to fiscal sustainability. The estimated fiscal sustainability gap has increased from 3 to 8% of GDP due to a sizeable permanent stimulus and lower potential output. A consolidation plan should be articulated now...
Income distribution remains among the most equitable in the OECD although disparities have widened over the decade. While the tax and transfer system has been effective in reducing income inequality, changes to the income tax system in the early 1990s have contributed to rising disparities.
English, , 123kb
This note, taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2009, contains information about the progress in implementing reforms in line with the 2008 priorities for Finland.