Publications & Documents


  • 5-June-2014

    English

    Local public finances and municipal reform in Finland

    Finnish municipalities enjoy ample fiscal autonomy and provide or arrange the provision of a large share of public services. In recent years, their spending and debt has been increasing steadily, especially because of population ageing and increases in the cost of health care and social services.

  • 5-June-2014

    English

    The economic consequences of ageing: the case of Finland

    Finland’s population is set to age rapidly in the coming decades. This will put pressure on public finances, while shrinking labour resources. Nonetheless, solutions exist to alleviate those pressures. Adjusting the pension age in line with the rise in life expectancy would reduce pension costs and increase older workers’ employment, provided it is accompanied by the removal of the pathways to early retirement.

  • 15-April-2014

    English

    Taxing Wages: Country note for Finland

    The average worker in Finland faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 43.1% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Finland was ranked 7 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.

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  • 18-March-2014

    English, PDF, 437kb

    Society at a Glance 2014 - Key findings for Finland

    This note presents key findings for Finland from Society at a Glance 2014 - OECD Social indicators. This 2014 publication also provides a special chapter on: the crisis and its aftermath: a “stress test” for societies and for social policies.

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  • 12-February-2014

    English

    Finland’s economy is on the mend but pushing ahead with reform is key, says OECD

    Finland’s economy is gradually picking up, but uncertainty surrounds the recovery. Determined action to implement structural reforms is needed to revive economic growth, restore competitiveness and preserve high standards of living and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Finland.

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  • 12-February-2014

    English

    Launch of OECD’s 2014 Economic Survey of Finland

    Finland has been hit hard by the global crisis, mainly through a sharp fall in exports, and the recovery is still hesitant. Bold action is needed to find new sources of growth, regain competitiveness, ensure sound public finances, and preserve the Finnish welfare model, Mr Gurría said.

  • 12-February-2014

    English

    OECD Secretary-General on official visit to Finland (Helsinki, 12th February 2014)

    Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, is in Helsinki on 12th February 2014, to present the 2014 OECD Economic Survey of Finland, with Ms. Jutta Urpilainen, Minister of Finance.

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  • 14-November-2013

    English

    Government at a Glance 2013: Information by country

    These country notes contain indicators which compare the political and institutional frameworks of national governments as well as revenues and expenditures, employment, and compensation. They include a description of government policies on integrity, e-government and open government.

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  • 20-June-2013

    English

    Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables

    Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables

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  • 23-May-2013

    English

    Energy Policies of IEA Countries: Finland 2013

    Finland’s economy is highly industrialised. Yet with over one-third of its territory located above the Arctic Circle, the country is largely rural and sparsely populated, except for its southern tip. With its energy-intensive industries and its cold climate, Finland’s energy consumption per capita is the highest in the IEA. Finland is highly dependent on imported fossil fuels, and energy policy is at the heart of the government’s concerns. The government’s energy strategy aims to strengthen Finland’s energy security, to move progressively towards a decarbonised economy, and to deepen its integration in the wider European market. Finland has a very ambitious renewable energy programme, with a view to producing 38% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2020. Finland is the most forested country in Europe; biomass will thus play a central role in meeting the target Finland is one of few IEA countries with plans to expand its nuclear capacity, and the Parliament has approved the construction of two more nuclear power plants. If all planned projects are completed, the share of electricity produced by nuclear could double by 2025, reaching around 60%. This would contribute to diversifying Finland’s energy security and meeting its low-carbon objectives. Also, Finland participates in the Baltic Energy Market Interconnection Plan (BEMIP), which aims to further regional integration through EU-supported infrastructure projects. This review analyses the energy policy challenges facing Finland, and provides sectoral studies and recommendations for further policy improvements. It is intended to help guide the country towards a more secure and sustainable energy future.

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