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Getting regions and cities 'right', adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work, is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. View the country factsheets from the publication OECD Regional Outlook 2014.
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Variations in revascularisation rates and diagnostic tests require more effort to ensure appropriate care in Finland.
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After a decade of robust growth, Finland was hit particularly hard by the 2009 economic and financial crisis. It went through a double-dip recession and output and employment are still significantly below their pre-crisis levels.
Ms. Mari Kiviniemi was appointed Deputy Secretary-General of the OECD on 25 August 2014.
Mari Kiviniemi, Finland’s former Prime Minister, and Stefan Kapferer, currently State Secretary at Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy, have been appointed Deputy Secretaries-General of the OECD.
Specific country notes have been prepared using data from the database OECD Health Statistics 2014, June 2014 version. The notes are available in PDF format.
Finnish municipalities enjoy ample fiscal autonomy and provide or arrange the provision of a large share of public services. In recent years, their spending and debt has been increasing steadily, especially because of population ageing and increases in the cost of health care and social services.
Finland’s population is set to age rapidly in the coming decades. This will put pressure on public finances, while shrinking labour resources. Nonetheless, solutions exist to alleviate those pressures. Adjusting the pension age in line with the rise in life expectancy would reduce pension costs and increase older workers’ employment, provided it is accompanied by the removal of the pathways to early retirement.
The average worker in Finland faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 43.1% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Finland was ranked 7 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.
Finland’s economy is gradually picking up, but uncertainty surrounds the recovery. Determined action to implement structural reforms is needed to revive economic growth, restore competitiveness and preserve high standards of living and well-being, according to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Finland.