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This paper presents a stylised model in which either a savings glut or an exchange rate peg in emerging economies drives down the level of interest rates in advanced economies and, when it hits the zero-rate bound, produces a welfare loss.
Interest rate pass-through during the global financial crisis: the case of SwedenA stable relationship between monetary policy rates and bank lending and deposit rates faced by consumers and companies is essential for the effective transmission of monetary policy decisions.
- Economic Survey of Sweden 2011
Homeownership rates have increased significantly in many OECD countries over recent decades.
Apparent characteristics of the Hungarian banking market such as large profits and high margins suggest weak competitive pressures. Weak competition in turn, may reduce efficiency in a lack of pressures to converge to marginal cost and to stimulate managerial efforts to reduce X-inefficiency.
- Economic Survey of Hungary 2010
South Africa’s macroeconomic framework has served the economy well, but should be strengthened to make the economy more resilient to external shocks.
- Economic Survey of South Africa 2010
The estimated medium-term impact of Basel III implementation on GDP growth is in the range of -0.05 to -0.15 percentage point per annum.
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This paper provides a detailed chronological account of the governance-cum-management reform of National Pension Fund in Korea and analyzes its success factors, drawing lessons for other countries. A review of the current governance structures with the fund versus OECD guidelines and international good practice is also provided, along with suggestions for further reform.
The Dutch occupational pension system has been successful in securing high asset accumulation to fund generous pension promises.
- Economic Survey of the Netherlands 2010
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This paper suggests avenues for strengthening the governance and management of the Japanese Government Pension Investment Fund (GPIF), the largest single pool of pension assets in the world.
As a result of reforms and financial sector development, the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) now exerts significant control over money market interest rates.
- Economic Survey of China 2010