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This paper looks at the empirical determinates of foreign currency reserve holdings across a panel of around 130 countries between 1980 and 2008.
This paper proposes a framework to help policymakers think about how best develop a national strategy to hedge against the massive economic burden of extreme events that could hit their country tomorrow, focusing specifically on the role that risk transfer mechanisms alternative to traditional insurance can play.
This paper gathers evidence on public sector pension plans regarding the type of pension promise and quantifies the future tax burden related to these pension promises. The reported liabilities are recalculated using both a fair value approach (local market discount rates) and a common, fixed discount rate across all countries which reflects projected growth in national income.
The financial crisis revealed flaws in pre-crisis policy frameworks.
This paper presents an empirical analysis of the determinants of inflation in the United States, Japan, the euro area and the United Kingdom, focusing on the role of resource utilisation, inflation expectations, inflation persistence and imported inflation.
This paper presents a stylised model in which either a savings glut or an exchange rate peg in emerging economies drives down the level of interest rates in advanced economies and, when it hits the zero-rate bound, produces a welfare loss.
Interest rate pass-through during the global financial crisis: the case of SwedenA stable relationship between monetary policy rates and bank lending and deposit rates faced by consumers and companies is essential for the effective transmission of monetary policy decisions.
Homeownership rates have increased significantly in many OECD countries over recent decades.
Apparent characteristics of the Hungarian banking market such as large profits and high margins suggest weak competitive pressures. Weak competition in turn, may reduce efficiency in a lack of pressures to converge to marginal cost and to stimulate managerial efforts to reduce X-inefficiency.
South Africa’s macroeconomic framework has served the economy well, but should be strengthened to make the economy more resilient to external shocks.