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Hungarian debt level has steadily increased since 2001, with the debt-to-GDP ratio reaching about 84% at end-2011.
This paper investigates the existence of significant spillovers from the housing sector onto the wider economy for the seven major OECD countries using Uhlig's (2005) agnostic identification procedure.
The potential implications of gender differences in financial literacy are far-reaching. This paper describes the findings of a review of the literature on gender differences in financial literacy with the aim to better understand their causes and consequences, as well as possible policy responses. It provides a starting point to collect further evidence, develop analytical work and case studies, and to identify areas that deserve
The study concludes that two technical key assumptions need to hold for the standard micro portfolio approach to yield optimal (i.e. cost-minimising) results.We argue that these assumptions do not hold in the current borrowing environment characterized by fiscal dominance with complex links between public debt management and monetary policy.
This paper argues that serious fiscal vulnerabilities arising from many years of high government debt will create new and complex interactions between public debt management and monetary policy.
The differential between the interest rate paid to service government debt and the growth rate of the economy is a key concept in assessing fiscal sustainability.
The Czech fiscal position is generally sound and policy making is prudent. However, the fiscal framework was not strong enough to contain spending in the upturn and it would benefit from independent budget oversight.
The management of government debt and assets has important implications for fiscal positions.
Bank regulation might have contributed to or even reinforced adverse systemic shocks that materialised during the financial crisis.
The 2008-09 global financial crisis did not result in the failure of any major financial institution in Israel, but it did reveal vulnerabilities in the non banking sector – particularly in the corporate bond market.