Large shifts in countries’ external current account positions can be disruptive, often reflecting sudden stops in the flows of external finance and leading to exchange rate and banking crises.
Turkey has considerably improved its terms of access to the global capital market. Progress in macroeconomic fundamentals has enhanced credibility and reduced risk premia and capital costs.
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At the end of April 2010, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) published an exposure draft with proposed changes to International Accounting Standard No. 19 (IAS 19). IAS 19 is the current standard for the financial reporting of company pension obligations that stem from defined benefit (DB) and similar plans. It is required for exchange-listed companies in many parts of the world. If enacted, the changes to IAS 19
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This paper shows that most sovereign debt is held on the banking books of banks, whereas the EU stress test considered only their small trading book exposures. It discusses why sovereign debt held in the banking book cannot be ignored by investors and creditors, because of recovery values in the event of individual bank failures; and fiscal sustainability and structural competitiveness issues which mean the market cannot give a zero
The intensification of the global financial crisis in late 2008 led to large capital outflows from Korea and turmoil in its capital markets.
This paper assesses the sustainability of global imbalances by testing for the presence of unit roots in the current account positions of the United States, China, Japan, Germany and the oil-exporting countries using a methodology that allows for structural breaks in levels and trends.
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This paper discusses the impact of the crisis on defined benefit (DB) pension schemes and the temporary responses taken by regulators to help ease financially strained plan sponsors. It presents suggestions to governments and policy makers for making funding regulations more counter-cyclical in nature. Such measures could strengthen the security of DB benefits and help to maintain DB plans for future workers.
This study analyses the impact of economic catching up on annual inflation rates in the European Union with a special focus on the new member countries of Central and Eastern Europe.
The paper focuses on the major structural reforms necessary to prepare for euro adoption that should allow a sustainable fulfilment of the Maastricht criteria and maximisation of the ensuing various benefits.
The German banking system came under pressure during the financial crisis, not least due to its significant exposure to toxic assets which originated in the US. In the short run, the stability of the system has been achieved, as discussed in this working paper.