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The Report examines the experience of a number of financial institutions and concludes that the financial crisis can be to an important extent attributed to failures and weaknesses in corporate governance arrangements. The risk management systems have failed in many cases due to corporate governance procedures rather than technical problems. Remuneration systems have amplified such risk management weaknesses. The responsibility for
Experts from the IMF, the OECD, and the World Bank met on 4 February in Paris to exchange views and co ordinate responses to the global economic crisis.
Private Pensions Outlook 2008 focuses on the implications for pensions and private pensions policy of the financial crisis, in-depth, international analyses of private pension arrangements across OECD and selected non-OECD countries, the role of pension funds and public pension reserve funds which complement the financing of social security systems.
According to the new OECD Private Pensions Outlook workers are rightly worried about the fall in the value of the private pension savings and there is growing pressure on governments to act. The OECD estimates that the loss in private pension assets in the year to December 2008 has increased to US$ 5.4 trillion, up from US$ 5 trillion until October. The average pension fund had a negative rate of return of 23 percent over the year.
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Institutional features and policy practices of investment guarantee programmes - institutional features of the public and private segments of the political risk insurance market - issues of potential relevance for the investment policy community. Typically, international investment projects for which such insurance is sought are located in developing countries. In recent years, the value of investment guarantees has averaged about
Can 2009 bring a ray of light to lift the gloom and end the severest financial and economic crisis in decades? The OECD is working with the world’s governments and international organisations to stop recent market and policy failures from happening again.
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The present financial crisis may be added to a growing list of episodes worldwide in which financial sector problems have become systemic in nature. Many OECD countries have been affected, either directly or through the transmission of problems cross-border. Most financial crises share a number of common elements. For instance, financial innovation has often played a role in distress episodes, in many cases, having much to do with
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This article treats some ideas and issues that are part of ongoing reflection at the OECD. They were first raised in a major research article for the Reserve Bank of Australia conference in July 2008, and benefited from policy discussion in and around that conference. One fundamental cause of the crisis was a change in the business model of banking, mixing credit with equity culture. When this model was combined with complex
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This financial crisis, ending a period of search for yield and increased risk-taking, has triggered various policy responses, ranging from more ad-hoc measures initially to more structured and co-ordinated financial sector rescue actions as the crisis evolved. Lessons drawn so far should help to devise longer-term, more encompassing and more consistent policies. Various reforms are being proposed by the financial industry as well as
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Data to measure and analyse the increasing role of institutional investors in capital markets has been collected and published by the OECD for a number of years. This dataset is now integrated in the framework of the OECD Financial Accounts. This article presents an overview of institutional investors’ assets, their components and their development in the aggregate and by country.