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This paper discusses the financial systems of OECD Enhanced Engagement Countries (EE5: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and South Africa). Rather than providing a comprehensive survey of each financial system, it is designed to highlight some of the salient features of EE5 financial systems, emphasising those aspects of the system that these countries have in common and those that are different from those in OECD countries. While
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OECD governments are facing ongoing, unprecedented challenges in raising large volumes of funds at lowest possible cost, while balancing refinancing, repricing and interest rate risks. Gross borrowing needs of OECD governments are expected to reach almost USD 16 trillion in 2009, up from an earlier estimate of around USD 12 trillion. The tentative outlook for 2010 shows a stabilising borrowing picture at around the level of USD 16
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Tougher issuance conditions related to the surge in government borrowing needs are the reasons why issuance arrangements have not always been working as efficiently as before the crisis. This prompted debt management offices (DMOs) in the OECD area to review existing issuance policies and procedures. The crisis also had an impact on the use of indicators or guidelines relating to the key risks of the maturity structure of issuance or
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This article argues that the expansion of existing and the introduction of new guarantees for financial institutions has been a key element of the policy response to the recent financial crisis. Essentially, the government expanded its role as the provider of the safety net for banks by adopting the function of a guarantor of last resort. Among the various policy response measures, the expansion of guarantees has the benefit of
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The paper discusses vulnerabilities in selected segments of the insurance sector and identifies specific issues related to the role of the insurance sector in the current financial crisis. The paper is part of a special report on the financial crisis and private pensions and insurance policies which will form part of the “OECD Strategic Response to the Crisis” and it provides a framework for the analysis in that report.
The financial crisis required governments to make massive interventions in their financial systems. This book sets out priorities for reforming incentives in financial markets as well as for phasing out these emergency measures.
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This report addresses the question of ageing societies from a perspective that integrates implications and solutions for both healthcare and pensions, whereas most reports look separately at one or the other. The report focuses on opportunities, whereas most previous ones have focused primarily on risks. Finally, the report provides an overview of a broad set of practical solutions, ranging from the existing, but underappreciated, to
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This paper provides background on insurer corporate governance, describes practices and identifies possible regulatory and supervisory issues. It was developed jointly by the OECD and the IAIS.
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The situation in financial markets deteriorated over the past year, but government actions have helped to avert an even bigger crisis. While some signs of recovery are on the horizon, the banking sectors in many countries are not yet on solid footing. Recent government programmes that deal with banks’ ‘toxic assets’ are welcome in this regard. But further reaching financial sector reforms such as those recently endorsed by the G20