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According to the new OECD Private Pensions Outlook workers are rightly worried about the fall in the value of the private pension savings and there is growing pressure on governments to act. The OECD estimates that the loss in private pension assets in the year to December 2008 has increased to US$ 5.4 trillion, up from US$ 5 trillion until October. The average pension fund had a negative rate of return of 23 percent over the year.
The crisis exposed weaknesses in the Hungarian financial system that pose risks to financial stability. A major lesson learnt from the crisis is that the approach to household lending should change: a stronger protection of borrowers should be combined with a tighter regulation of lenders.
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Institutional features and policy practices of investment guarantee programmes - institutional features of the public and private segments of the political risk insurance market - issues of potential relevance for the investment policy community.
Typically, international investment projects for which such insurance is sought are located in developing countries. In recent years, the value of investment guarantees has averaged about
Financial innovation and market integration have deepened linkages between euro area markets and institutions, possibly affecting the speed and channels of area-wide monetary policy transmission.
Financial integration and development raise the likelihood of cross-border financial contagion. Further improvements are needed to European regulatory and supervisory frameworks to ensure financial stability.
Can 2009 bring a ray of light to lift the gloom and end the severest financial and economic crisis in decades? The OECD is working with the world’s governments and international organisations to stop recent market and policy failures from happening again.
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The present financial crisis may be added to a growing list of episodes worldwide in which financial sector problems have become systemic in nature. Many OECD countries have been affected, either directly or through the transmission of problems cross-border. Most financial crises share a number of common elements. For instance, financial innovation has often played a role in distress episodes, in many cases, having much to do with
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This article treats some ideas and issues that are part of ongoing reflection at the OECD. They were first raised in a major research article for the Reserve Bank of Australia conference in July 2008, and benefited from policy discussion in and around that conference. One fundamental cause of the crisis was a change in the business model of banking, mixing credit with equity culture. When this model was combined with complex
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This financial crisis, ending a period of search for yield and increased risk-taking, has triggered various policy responses, ranging from more ad-hoc measures initially to more structured and co-ordinated financial sector rescue actions as the crisis evolved. Lessons drawn so far should help to devise longer-term, more encompassing and more consistent policies. Various reforms are being proposed by the financial industry as well as
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Data to measure and analyse the increasing role of institutional investors in capital markets has been collected and published by the OECD for a number of years. This dataset is now integrated in the framework of the OECD Financial Accounts. This article presents an overview of institutional investors’ assets, their components and their development in the aggregate and by country.