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Ten years ago, corporate governance was a nascent concept in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This article charts the evolution of corporate governance across the MENA region over this time and proposes potential avenues for future work in this area.
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Europe has been beset by an interrelated banking crisis and sovereign debt crisis. Bond spreads faced by Greece and Ireland, and to a lesser extent Portugal followed by Spain, have increased. This paper explores these issues from the perspective of financial markets, focusing mainly on the four countries in the frontline of these pressures: Greece and Portugal, on the one hand, where the problems are primarily fiscal in nature; and
Closing the income gap with the OECD and enhancing distribution of growth requires reforms in many fronts. Better functioning labour and product markets and investment in skills and infrastructure would boost productivity, while well-designed social and education policies can reduce inequalities
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Representatives of the financial services sector met in October 2010 to discuss sovereign debt challenges faced by banking systems and bond markets. This article summarises these discussions which covered the current outlook and risks - including capital flows and global rebalancing, sovereign risks and challenges for the banking sector.
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Southeast Asian economies have shown considerable resilience during the current global financial and economic crisis due to national and regional policy responses to the Asian Crisis of 1997/98 that improved the soundness of banking systems, strengthened frameworks to deal with foreign currency liquidity problems, and developed bond markets. This paper discusses the economies and financial systems of Southeast Asia (SEA) and focuses
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Systemic financial crises are a recurrent phenomenon, and despite regulatory efforts they are likely to occur again. This report compares the ex ante funding of deposit insurance schemes in a selection of countries, highlighting the “funding gap” left by these arrangements in the recent systemic financial crisis. To fill that gap, different approaches have been adopted across countries in the recent crisis. Where support for the
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This chapter discusses the size of current consolidation requirements and the pace at which budget positions should be strengthened in the context of a set of macroeconomic projections to 2025.
Despite major progress over the last decade, more reforms are needed to meet Indonesia’s medium-term objectives for growth and poverty reduction. The Survey reviews the main challenges in the areas of energy subsidies, infrastructure, labour markets, education, health care and social protection.
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This report shows continued strong borrowing by OECD governments amid concerns about sovereign risk. It includes revised estimates for 2010 and the projected outlook in 2011.
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Briefing on exchange rate developments