The 2012 global forum focused on the pension industry in Latin America, the cost and coverage of pension systems, long-term investing and infrastructure, designing default options and financial education and pensions communication.
Low growth and huge current account deficits have characterised the Portuguese economy over the past decade.
Secretary-General Angel Gurría outlines the crucial actions that we must take to resolve the euro crisis, strengthen the global financial system and anchor growth in the long-term through structural reform at the 30th anniversary of the International Institute of Finance in Tokyo.
This seminar aimed to advance shared understandings on policies to make the most of cross-border capital flows in support of growth and development and on the value of international co-operation, including the OECD Codes of Liberalisation, in the current context of serious global financial turbulence.
Secretary-General Angel Gurría discussed how co-operation is key in order to best use international capital flows as a tool to finance growth and development that make our economies more prosperous and resilient while dealing with their challenges.
Trends in bank profitability and factors affecting it are major indicators of changes in the state of health of national banking systems. This publication provides information on financial statements of banks in OECD member countries. The coverage of banks is not the same in each country, though the objective is to include all institutions that conduct ordinary banking business, namely institutions which primarily take deposits from the public at large and provide finance for a wide range of purposes. Some information on the number of reporting banks, their branches and staff is also included, as well as structural information regarding the whole financial sector. Moreover, ratios, based on various items of the financial statements of banks in percentage of some specific aggregates, are supplied to facilitate the analysis of trends in bank profitability of OECD countries.
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Pension fund assets in OECD countries hit a record USD 20.1 trillion in 2011 but return on investment fell below zero, with an average negative return of -1.7%s, according to the OECD’s latest Pension Markets in Focus. The report says that weak equity markets and low interest rates drove the poor performance.
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During the current global crisis, capital inflows into Asian countries have increased,leading to excess liquidity and the risk of potential asset bubbles.
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Banks have been lowering their high pre-crisis leverage levels and are preparing for stricter regulatory capital requirements, and in the process have been reducing their lending. With the banking sector expected to shrink considerably, other actors, especially institutional investors, and new forms of financial intermediation will have to meet the credit needs of the economy.
Effective macroeconomic and structural policies helped Turkey bounce back quickly and strongly from the global crisis, with annual growth averaging close to 9% over 2010-11