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Despite massive support from governments and widespread regulatory changes since the crisis struck, banks are deleveraging in the worst possible way impeding economic recovery. Capital levels are too low (particularly in Europe), business models are too risky, and the approach to regulation is biased against lending to the private sector. A lack of trust makes private sector equity investment and funding problematic, and losses and
Loan creation has not recovered after the crisis owing to a combination of demand and supply factors.
How to design appropriate policies to strengthen growth and make it inclusive and sustainable over time? The policy issues highlighted in this volume - financial development,social policies, innovation, regulation and political economy issues - are relevant to all countries.
The Capital Movements Code provides a balanced framework for capital account openness. It is the only multilateral legal instrument with comprehensive coverage of capital movements. This includes inflows and outflows, long-term and short-term operations.
This financial education conference focused on implementing national strategies for financial education and combining consumer protection and education to support households’ financial wellbeing.
This workshop focused on implementation aspects of financial education in schools and was attended by practitioners, educationists and teachers.
English, , 725kb
The present report focuses on the pre-campaign planning, the design, the delivery, and the monitoring and evaluation of National Pension Communication Campaigns in a range of OECD and non-OECD countries.
English, , 645kb
Sweden’s National Pension Funds, responsible for 12% of Sweden’s state pension liabilities, have a fund structure that is unique among global pension reserve funds. This report analyses the strengths and weaknesses of the system and recommends how both structure and management could be improved.
In both developing and developed economies, the awareness of the importance of financial education led to the development of an increasing number of tailored national strategies for financial education. These frameworks promote a smoother and more sustainable co-operation between interested parties and stakeholders, avoid duplication of resources and allow the development of articulated and tailored roadmaps with measurable and
Organised in Midrand, the 6th Annual Forum on African Public Debt Management focussed on current priorities relating to African public debt management and bond markets.