Multi-level Governance, Public Investment and Subnational Finance



At the OECD, we help governments design adaptive multi-level governance systems and innovative finance tools, to foster partnerships and ensure more effective investment outcomes, including to meet climate objectives in regions and cities.













We collect and analyse data on subnational government structure and finance to support evidence-based policy-making.


We carry out a wide range of studies - from multi-level governance and decentralisation, to subnational public finance and climate-related investment in regions and cities.


We cover OECD Member countries and beyond, at the national and subnational levels.

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 COVID-19 and Multi-level Governance

MLG_COVID note cover

Policy Paper

The impact of the COVID-19 global crisis has a strong territorial dimension. Municipalities and regions are at the frontline of managing this public health crisis and its economic and social impact, as well as the long-term recovery. Success depends on a coordinated response by all levels of government.

Check out our new paper to find out what measures governments are taking:




OECD-CoR Survey: How has the COVID-19 crisis affected your region, city, or village?

By completing this 10-minute survey before 6 July, 2020 (available in all official EU languages), you will contribute to a better understanding of this unprecedented crisis and provide valuable support to the work of the European Committee of the Regions (CoR) and the OECD. Share your experience and help build solutions for subnational governments.

Be many to respond! Complete the survey here.



CNFPT/INET-OECD Webinar: The Territorial Impact of the COVID-19 Crisis

Webinaire organisé par le Centre national de la Fonction Publique Territoriale (CNFPT) et l'INET et l’OCDE sur l’impact territorial de la crise COVID-19

Date: 26 June 2020


Présentations de Dorothée Allain-Dupré and Isabelle Chatry (Français)


Recording of the webinar (Français)




Check out the past events related to the COVID-19 crisis


Access more policy responses on COVID-19 from the OECD 




Enhancing subnational climate and environment-related public finance

Access the subnational climate finace page

Report: Financing climate objectives in cities and regions to deliver sustainable and inclusive growth

Upcoming project: Tracking and enhancing subnational climate-related finance for climate action


Making Decentralisation Work: A Handbook for Policy-Makers

The report identifies 10 guidelines for more effective decentralisation to support regional and local development. The report proposes concrete tools for policy-makers, including detailed sets of recommendations, checklists, pitfalls to avoid and examples of good practices, both in unitary and federal countries.

Access the publication


OECD-UCLG World Observatory on Subnational Government Finance and Investment Initiative

Covering over 120 countries, the SNG-WOFI initiative is the world’s leading source of internationally comparable data and analysis on subnational government structure and finance.

Access the SNG-WOFI website

Implementing the OECD Recommendation on Effective Public Investment across Levels of Government

12 Principles to promote more effective public investment and a Toolkit with insight on good practices in OECD countries and beyond.

Access the Toolkit

Access the implementation brochure


Access the Recommendation



Pilot Database on Regional Government Finance and Investment: Key findings Decentralisation and Regionalisation in Portugal:
What Reform Scenarios?
Strengthening Governance of EU Funds under Cohesion Policy

Financing Climate Objectives in Cities and Regions to Deliver Sustainable and Inclusive Growth

Making Decentralisation Work: A Handbook for Policy-Makers

Rethinking Regional Development Policy-Making

Multi-Level Governance Reforms
MLG_Regional database MLG_COVER_Portugal  Cover of report: Strengthening Governance of EU Funds under Cohesion Policy

 Access more publications