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English, Excel, 387kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on short-term interest rates, long-term interest rates, nominal exchange rates (vis-à-vis the US dollar), and effective exchange rates.
English, Excel, 145kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on household saving rates and gross national saving.
English, Excel, 623kb
Statistical Annex tables in Excel format from OECD Economic Outlook. This file includes tables on compensation per employee in the business sector; labour productivity in the business sector; unemployment rates: commonly used definitions; standardised unemployment rates; labour force, employment and unemployment; GDP deflators; private consumption deflators; consumer prices indices; and oil and other primary commodity markets.
The global economy remains stuck in low gear, but is expected to accelerate gradually if countries implement growth-supportive policies. Widening differences across countries and regions are adding to the major risks on the horizon.
This paper describes developments in real long-term interest rates in the main OECD economies and surveys their various determinants. Real long-term government bond yields declined from the 1980s to very low levels in the recent period, though they have not reached the historical lows of the 1970s.
The downturn in fixed investment among advanced economies from the onset of the global crisis was unusually severe, widespread and long-lasting relative to comparable episodes in the past. As a result, investment gaps are large in many countries, not only in relation to past norms but also relative to projected future steady-state levels, with a gap of 2 percentage points of GDP or more in several countries.
This paper investigates whether OECD countries are facing secular stagnation. Secular stagnation is defined as a situation when policy interest rates bounded at zero fail to stimulate demand sufficiently, due to low or negative neutral real interest rates and low inflation, and when ensuing prolonged and subdued growth undermines potential growth via labour hysteresis and discouraged investment.
This paper estimates potential output losses from the global financial crisis by comparing recent OECD published projections with a counter-factual assuming a continuation of pre-crisis productivity trends and a trend employment rate which is sensitive to demographic trends.
Rising household debt has become a major policy concern in Korea. By the end of 2012, it had risen to 164% of disposable income, well above the OECD average of 133%.
Turkey recovered swiftly from the global financial crisis but sizeable macroeconomic imbalances arose in the process.