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Banks have been lowering their high pre-crisis leverage levels and are preparing for stricter regulatory capital requirements, and in the process have been reducing their lending. With the banking sector expected to shrink considerably, other actors, especially institutional investors, and new forms of financial intermediation will have to meet the credit needs of the economy.
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This special issue of Financial Market Trends compiles selected articles based on presentations given at the Symposium on “Financial crisis management and the use of government guarantees” in October 2011, which were first released between October and December 2011. The Symposium, part of the OECD’s work on financial sector guarantees, gathered policy makers, policy consultants and other academics to discuss the policy response to the
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The incidence of perceived implicit guarantees, mostly from governments, for the debt of European banks has decreased recently after several years of increase dating from the beginning of the financial crisis. This reflects to a large extent the deterioration in the strength of the sovereigns that are seen as providing the guarantees..
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Despite massive support from governments and widespread regulatory changes since the crisis struck, banks are deleveraging in the worst possible way impeding economic recovery. Capital levels are too low (particularly in Europe), business models are too risky, and the approach to regulation is biased against lending to the private sector. A lack of trust makes private sector equity investment and funding problematic, and losses and
In both developing and developed economies, the awareness of the importance of financial education led to the development of an increasing number of tailored national strategies for financial education. These frameworks promote a smoother and more sustainable co-operation between interested parties and stakeholders, avoid duplication of resources and allow the development of articulated and tailored roadmaps with measurable and
OECD Working Paper on Finance, Insurance and Private Pensions, No.15: This paper presents the findings from a pilot study undertaken in 14 countries. The analysis focuses on variations in financial knowledge, behaviour and attitude across countries and within countries by socio-demographics.
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This presentation by Adrian Blundell Wignall was made to the French Senate on 27 March 2012 in the context of their enquiry on credit rating agencies (CRAs).
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This presentation provides a selective update of the 2010 report on "Systemic Financial Crises: How to fund resolution".
The potential implications of gender differences in financial literacy are far-reaching. This paper describes the findings of a review of the literature on gender differences in financial literacy with the aim to better understand their causes and consequences, as well as possible policy responses. It provides a starting point to collect further evidence, develop analytical work and case studies, and to identify areas that deserve
This paper argues that serious fiscal vulnerabilities arising from many years of high government debt will create new and complex interactions between public debt management and monetary policy.