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The EU institutional reaction to the Euro-area sovereign debt problems has focused in particular on the new architecture designed to avert a financial crisis. This architecture is made up of (i) the European Financial Stabilization Mechanism (EFSM), an EU financial assistance feature available to all 27 member states, (ii) the European Financial Stabilization Facility (EFSF), a temporary credit-enhanced SPV with minimal capitalization
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The government guarantees on bank bonds adopted in 2008 in many advanced economies to support the banking systems were broadly effective in resuming bank funding and preventing a credit crunch. The guarantees, however, also caused distortions in the cost of bank borrowing. Their reintroduction might help alleviate the current pressures on banks caused by the sovereign debt crisis, but the pricing mechanism should ensure a level
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More needs to be done to ensure accountability, independence, transparency and integrity of the various actors of the financial system safety net. This article discusses the roles and responsibilities of the various agencies that are part of the financial system safety net, and it sets out a framework for the decision-making process for these actors in the management of a financial crisis.
This symposium proceedings examines three aspects of financial education: monitoring and evaluation, use of behavioral economics, and financial literacy and defined contribution pension plans.
Policy actions proposed in this paper are based on initial OECD research undertaken and are intended to generate debate and discussion. Further research is planned on these topics within the framework of the project on institutional investors and long term investment. OECD Working Papers on Finance, Insurance and Private Pensions, No.13.
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The report assess the potential impact of a crisis in the banking sector on public finances in four selected EU Member States and finds that in two of them governments are likely to have to cover losses generated in the banking system.
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While neither the legal nor institutional framework in Germany were adequate for dealing with stressed banks in the recent financial crisis, the newly established Federal Agency for Financial Market Stabilisation fills that gap. Initially focusing on rescuing banks, that agency now focuses on restructuring them.
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The financial crisis exposed serious flaws in the European framework for cross-border banking, including deposit insurance. Iceland’s experience shows that sizeable cross-border banking operations in small countries with their own currency come with very significant risks.
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The macro-prudential authority is being adopted by monetary policy authorities as a means to limit systemic financial risks in the light of weaknesses revealed by the crisis. This article outlines the powers, scope and accountability that should characterise the macro-prudential authority.
These reports describe the main features of the financial markets of countries that have recently joined the OECD.