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Is financial stability enhanced or weakened by competition? This proceedings addresses the link between concentration and competition in the financial sector. It includes reports from Australia, Bulgaria, Chile, Egypt, the European Commission, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Korea, the Netherlands, the Russian Federation, South Africa, Switzerland, Chinese Taipei, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United
Read about OECD efforts to help governments improve the domestic and global policies that affect business and markets in the wake of the global economic crisis.
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This paper shows that most sovereign debt is held on the banking books of banks, whereas the EU stress test considered only their small trading book exposures. It discusses why sovereign debt held in the banking book cannot be ignored by investors and creditors, because of recovery values in the event of individual bank failures; and fiscal sustainability and structural competitiveness issues which mean the market cannot give a zero
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Government-guaranteed bank bonds have been an effective tool in avoiding the worst during the financial crisis. However, the pricing of the guarantees has created competitive distortions and the continued availability of such guarantees into 2010 may have reduced the pressure on some banks to address their weaknesses.
Discussions at this high-level event focused on financial literacy, behavioural economics and financial education and the importance of financial education in defined contribution pension schemes.
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In previous studies, the OECD has identified the main hallmarks of the crisis as too-big-to-fail institutions that took on too much risk, insolvency resulting from contagion and counterparty risk, the lack of regulatory and supervisory integration, and the lack of efficient resolution regimes. This article looks at how the Basel III proposals address these issues, helping to reduce the chance of another crisis like the current one.
Building on the OECD's internationally recognised standards in the area of financial education, participants in this event shared best practices and experiences in the fields of financial education and literacy. As a result, they were better equipped to address their national and regional challenges in these policy areas.The workshop was co-hosted by the Reserve Bank of India and the OECD and was sponsored by the Government of Japan.
This event focused on the impact of the global financial crisis on Asia and the Asian response, as well as the implications of current market turmoil on stock and bond markets and unregulated entities; products and markets; financial education and awareness; regulatory efficiency and corporate governance.
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The current economic and financial crisis has shaken confidence in funded pension systems in general and in defined contribution (DC) pension plans in particular. The crisis has highlighted the impact of market conditions on retirement savings accumulated in DC pension plans and the uncertainty as to whether those retirement savings may prove adequate to finance retirement – particularly for those close to retirement. The purpose of
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Financial markets have recovered substantially but vulnerabilities remain significant. Ample liquidity may lead to new bubbles, particularly in some emerging markets, and uncertainties about governments’ exit strategies and regulatory changes weigh on a fledgling upswing. Co-ordination and communication of exit policies will be important, and exit from policy stimulus should not be precipitated at the current juncture. While financial