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The financial crisis exposed serious flaws in the European framework for cross-border banking, including deposit insurance. Iceland’s experience shows that sizeable cross-border banking operations in small countries with their own currency come with very significant risks.
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The macro-prudential authority is being adopted by monetary policy authorities as a means to limit systemic financial risks in the light of weaknesses revealed by the crisis. This article outlines the powers, scope and accountability that should characterise the macro-prudential authority.
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This speech discusses policy responses to financial crises, with a particular focus on the US experience with government intervention during the 2008-09 financial crisis. It also reflects on the possibilities for conducting crisis management without financial guarantees.
This symposium focused on bank failure resolution and crisis management, in particular, the use of guarantees and the spill-overs between the credit qualities of sovereigns and banking systems.
This report analyses the possible implications for public debt management practices arising from regulatory changes for over the counter derivatives (OTCD) that are being developed worldwide to strengthen the resiliency of the financial system. Many OECD sovereigns use OTCD in their debt management activities (mainly interest rate swaps and cross-currency swaps).
This paper examines the role of guarantees in DC pension plans, in particular minimum investment return guarantees during the accumulation phase. The main goal is to assess the cost and benefits of different return guarantees. The report uses a stochastic financial market model where guarantee claims are calculated as a financial derivative in a financial market framework (like e.g. the valuation of a put option). In this context, the
The paper argues that judgements play an important role in determining appropriate trade-offs when making issuance choices. The result of the determination of cost and risk factors and judgements about trade-offs is usually a relatively balanced issuance split across the maturity spectrum, along both the nominal and real yield curves.
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Financial policy reforms urgently need to address containing the huge risks taken by the SIFIs that encompass the global derivatives business. This paper analyses the global derivatives business and makes recommendations for policy reforms that encourage financial stability.
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This article underlines the need for long-term investors to finance growth and the need to create instruments better suited to their needs, particularly in the context of the recent regulatory changes.
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This article discusses selected issues regarding the impact of protracted periods of low interest rates on pension funds and insurance companies.