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Ten years ago, corporate governance was a nascent concept in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). This article charts the evolution of corporate governance across the MENA region over this time and proposes potential avenues for future work in this area.
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Europe has been beset by an interrelated banking crisis and sovereign debt crisis. Bond spreads faced by Greece and Ireland, and to a lesser extent Portugal followed by Spain, have increased. This paper explores these issues from the perspective of financial markets, focusing mainly on the four countries in the frontline of these pressures: Greece and Portugal, on the one hand, where the problems are primarily fiscal in nature; and
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Southeast Asian economies have shown considerable resilience during the current global financial and economic crisis due to national and regional policy responses to the Asian Crisis of 1997/98 that improved the soundness of banking systems, strengthened frameworks to deal with foreign currency liquidity problems, and developed bond markets. This paper discusses the economies and financial systems of Southeast Asia (SEA) and focuses
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Representatives of the financial services sector met in October 2010 to discuss sovereign debt challenges faced by banking systems and bond markets. This article summarises these discussions which covered the current outlook and risks - including capital flows and global rebalancing, sovereign risks and challenges for the banking sector.
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Systemic financial crises are a recurrent phenomenon, and despite regulatory efforts they are likely to occur again. This report compares the ex ante funding of deposit insurance schemes in a selection of countries, highlighting the “funding gap” left by these arrangements in the recent systemic financial crisis. To fill that gap, different approaches have been adopted across countries in the recent crisis. Where support for the
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During the financial crisis many governments aided both the financial and non-financial sectors in their countries on an unprecedented scale. These emergency measures have in some cases taken precedence over competition rules. In particular the fact that governments helped some banks but not others has weakened competition in some markets, with “too big to fail” institutions commanding a higher market share than previously. This has
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This report shows continued strong borrowing by OECD governments amid concerns about sovereign risk. It includes revised estimates for 2010 and the projected outlook in 2011.
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Protecting retirement income derived from DC pension plans requires carefully designed default investment strategies. This article assesses the relative performance of different investment strategies for different structures of the payout phase, focusing on life-cycle strategies.
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The issue of financial innovation and consumer protection is mostly about access and suitability. Access refers to a situation in which affordable, mainstream financial products are available to all segments of the population across the range of income levels and demographic characteristics. Suitability addresses the appropriateness of the products for particular consumer groups. Innovative products will tend generally to be either
At the heart of the crisis are failures of financial regulation, of supervision, of risk management and of corporate governance.