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  • 9-February-2021

    English

    Webinar series on financial education, financial consumer protection and financial inclusion in Asia-Pacific

    9 and 23 February 2021: These webinars will explore financial consumer protection, financial education and financial inclusion policy responses put in place by policy makers across the Asia-Pacific region to support those hit by the COVID-19 pandemic, with a focus on vulnerable groups.

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  • 4-February-2021

    English

    Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India - Volume 2021 Issue 1

    The Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India is a regular publication on regional economic growth, development and regional integration in Emerging Asia. It focuses on the economic conditions of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member countries: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. It also addresses relevant economic issues in China and India to fully reflect economic developments in the region. The Outlook comprises two main parts, each highlighting a particular dimension of recent economic developments in the region. The first part presents the regional economic monitor, depicting the economic outlook and macroeconomic challenges in the region. The second part consists of a special thematic chapter addressing a major issue facing the region. The 2021 edition of the Outlook addresses reallocation of resources to digitalisation in response to COVID-19, with special focuses on health, education and Industry 4.0. During the COVID-19 crisis, digitalisation has proved critical to ensuring the continuity of essential services. The use of e-commerce, digital health tools and on-line education all accelerated sharply during the pandemic in Emerging Asia. However, there is still a lot of work to be done, for the region to be able to get the full benefits of digitalisation.
  • 26-January-2021

    English

    Regulatory Approaches to the Tokenisation of Assets

    This report examines regulatory and policy developments in the area of asset tokenisation and latest developments in the market for tokenised assets.

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  • 20-January-2021

    English

    Assessing the effectiveness of currency-differentiated tools - The case of reserve requirements

    This paper provides the first comprehensive analysis of benefits and side-effects of foreign-currency differentiated reserve requirements for a sample of 58 countries from 1999 to 2015. Departing from the existing literature on effectiveness which used binary variables to measure policy changes, the intensity of reserve requirement adjustments is captured by using the gap between foreign and local currency rates to isolate the impact of differentiation net of volume effects. The findings show that increasing the gap between FX and local currency-denominated reserve requirements is generally effective in reducing currency mismatch and dollarisation in banks’ balance sheets, notably through a reduction in the share of banks’ FX liabilities to total liabilities and in banks’ net FX positions. The findings also show that a higher gap is associated with a broader reduction in capital inflows, in particular portfolio debt inflows and flows to non-banks. Little evidence of domestic or international circumvention, with risks shifting to other sectors or countries is visible.
  • 19-January-2021

    English

    Africa’s Development Dynamics 2021 - Digital Transformation for Quality Jobs

    Africa’s Development Dynamics uses lessons learned in the continent’s five regions – Central, East, North, Southern and West Africa – to develop policy recommendations and share good practices. Drawing on the most recent statistics, this analysis of development dynamics attempts to help African leaders reach the targets of the African Union’s Agenda 2063 at all levels: continental, regional, national and local. The 2021 edition, now published at the beginning of the year, explores how digitalisation can create quality jobs and contribute to achieving Agenda 2063, thereby making African economies more resilient to the global recession triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic. The report targets four main policy areas for Africa’s digital transformation: bridging the digital divide; supporting local innovation; empowering own-account workers; and harmonising, implementing and monitoring digital strategies. This edition includes a new chapter examining how to finance Africa’s development despite the 2020 global economic crisis. Africa’s Development Dynamics feeds into a policy debate between the African Union’s governments, citizens, entrepreneurs and researchers. It aims to be part of a new collaboration between countries and regions, which focuses on mutual learning and the preservation of common goods. This report results from a partnership between the African Union Commission and the OECD Development Centre.
  • 19-January-2021

    English

    Digital Delivery of Financial Education: Design and Practice

    This report contributes to a better understanding of how public authorities worldwide are designing, delivering and evaluating digital financial education initiatives.

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  • 11-January-2021

    English

    OECD Trust in Business Initiative

    Generating trust is a key factor for establishing conditions of economic development, including the efficient allocation of capital, innovation, productivity and business relationships. This initiative is a platform for leaders to catalyse good corporate conduct, examine market incentives for business decision-making and respond to the expectations of society in meeting current and future challenges.

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  • 11-January-2021

    English

    Interview with Jean-Michel Godeffroy on central bank digital currencies

    Jean-Michel Godeffroy, director general for 16 years at the European Central Bank, answers questions by Matthieu Saint-Olive from Consensys about his vision for central bank digital currencies (CBDC).

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  • 8-January-2021

    English

    Mobilising institutional investor capital for climate-aligned development

    Financing from institutional investors will be critical to achieving the sustainable development goals and curbing climate change. However, these large investors have been largely absent from multilateral initiatives to mobilise private capital. Partly as a result, such initiatives have been unable to reach the scale required for development finance to go 'from billions to trillions'. Successful mobilisation of private capital – including from institutional investors – has instead frequently taken place at the local level, by strategic investment funds and some green banks. At the same time, some institutional investors have been changing their modus operandi, from an intermediary to a collaborative model, and are re-localising their operations. The elimination of financial intermediaries with a short-term focus removes a bottleneck between two categories of long-term investors – institutional investors and multilateral finance institutions. That opens new opportunities for collaboration, as discussed in this paper.
  • 23-December-2020

    English, PDF, 543kb

    Opportunities and Challenges of Blockchain Technologies in Health Care

    Much hype surrounds the potential of blockchain technology in the health sector but few practical applications of the technology have been implemented in real-world health care settings. This policy brief supports health policy makers in their evaluation of blockchain solutions.

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