Kazakhstan and the OECD
A GROWING PARTNERSHIP
Kazakhstan Prime Minister, Mr. Bakytzhan Sagintayev (left) and OECD Secretary-General, Mr. Angel Gurría (right) meet at Eurasia Week 2017, in Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan has made sustained efforts to work with the OECD since 2000 and has been particularly active since 2008. This partnership entered a new phase with the OECD Kazakhstan Country Programme (KCP) by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Prime-Minister Karim Massimov on 22 January 2015. In addition, Kazakhstan serves as co-chair of the Environmental Action Programme (EAP) Task Force for Eastern Europe and Central Asia and is a member of the Governing Board of the OECD’s Development Centre, where it is co-chair of the work stream on Revenue Spending and Stabilisation Funds of the Policy Dialogue on Natural Resource-based Development (PD-NR).
From 2012 to 2016, it served as co-chair of the OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme’s Central Asia Initiative. In 2017, it became the first country in the region to host the OECD Eurasia Week, a ministerial-level event that serves as a platform for a discussion on a broad spectrum of thematic issues relevant to further improving the region’s competitiveness.
THE COUNTRY PROGRAMME
Kazakhstan is one of the three first countries to implement an OECD Country Programme, which offers partner countries a unique whole-of-government/whole-of-OECD engagement, with a view to supporting the country’s reform agenda and strengthening its role as a reform leader in its region. The Kazakhstan Country Programme (KCP) initially covered the 2015-16 period, but the two sides have since decided to extend it to end-2018.
The KCP comprises 19 policy reviews or capacity-building projects, potential adherence by Kazakhstan to 29 OECD instruments and enhanced participation in seven OECD Committees or their subsidiary bodies. The Programme is organised around seven broad themes: i) public governance, ii) fiscal affairs, iii) education, iv) competitiveness and business climate, v) health, employment and social inclusion, vi) statistics and vii) the environment. In 2017, Kazakhstan prepared a reform roadmap, outlining its plans for acting on the policy recommendations derived from OECD work under the KCP.
Some recent highlights include Kazakhstan's adherence to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. Kazakhstan also completed its adherence to the Recommendation of the Council on OECD Guidelines for Managing Conflict of Interest in the Public Service, the Recommendation of the Council on Principles for Transparency and Integrity in Lobbying and the Recommendation of the Council on Digital Government Strategies, among others.
LATEST OECD PUBLICATIONS ON KAZAKHSTAN
|Reform of the Mining Sector in Kazakhstan: Investment, Sustainability, Competitiveness (2018)
This report offers an analysis of Kazakhstan’s recent efforts to improve the policy framework for the mining sector, with a focus on the new Code on Subsoil and Subsoil Use. It highlights recent improvements but also identifies gaps and challenges still to be addressed if Kazakhstan is to realise the potential of its hard mineral resource endowments.
This volume presents an overview of the work done in the main areas covered by the first phase of the OECD-Kazakhstan Country Programme in 2015-2017, assessing both progress made and the challenges ahead with respect to public governance, economic reform, green growth and social policy. It also considers the linkages between these various strands of policy, in an effort to derive cross-cutting lessons for the future and to present a more integrated understanding of Kazakhstan’s reforms.
This report assesses how Kazakhstan measures up in the development and application of its national health accounts, delivering a set of recommendations to improve the country’s health care financing information. As Kazakhstan has made significant economic progress over recent decades, health has risen on the policy agenda with a number of sector reforms introduced to modernise the system and improve the health of the population. Informing this agenda and monitoring progress towards health system goals requires accurate, timely and comprehensive information on health care financing and spending. A clear understanding of the resource allocations and drivers in the health sector is a prerequisite to support health system performance in Kazakhstan.
- Review on Small and Medium-sized Enterprises and Entrepreneurship Issues and Policies (forthcoming) – part of the KCP
- Towards a More Effective, Strategic and Accountable State in Kazakhstan (2017)
- Decentralisation and Multi-level Governance in Kazakhstan (2017)
- Gender Policy Delivery in Kazakhstan (2017)
- Towards an Open Government in Kazakhstan (2017)
- Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation and Green Investment in Kazakhstan (2017)
- Early Childhood Education and Care, Staff Recruitment and Retention: A Review for Kazakhstan (2017)
- National Urban Policy Review (2017) – part of the KCP
- Higher Education in Kazakhstan 2017
- OECD Integrity Scan of Kazakhstan: Preventing Corruption for a Competitive Economy (2017) – part of the KCP
- Building Inclusive Labour Markets in Kazakhstan: A Focus on Youth, Older Workers and People with Disabilities (2017)– part of the KCP
- OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Kazakhstan 2017
- OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Kazakhstan 2017 – part of the KCP
- OECD Territorial Reviews: Kazakhstan (2017)
- Clean Energy Technology Assessment Methodology Pilot Study: Kazakhstan (IEA 2016)
- Boosting Kazakhstan's National Intellectual Property System for Innovation (2016)
- Competition Law and policy in Kazakhstan (2016)
- Multi-dimensional Review of Kazakhstan Volume 1: Initial Assessment (2016) & Volume 2: In-depth Analysis and Recommendations (2017) – part of the KCP
PARTICIPATION IN OECD BODIES
Kazakhstan participates in the work of many OECD Committees, Working Parties and other bodies, including actively in a dozen of them. For instance, the country has also become a Participant in the Competition Committee (2016), the Committee on Statistics and Statistical Policy (2016), and the Working Party on State Ownership and Privatisation Practices (2016), and an Associate in the Investment Committee(for the work related to the Declaration). It has joined the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit-Shifting (BEPS) Project (2016), an initiative involving over 100 countries in an effort to tackle tax avoidance strategies that exploit gaps and mismatches in tax rules to artificially shift profits to low or no-tax locations.
Kazakhstan participates in numerous other OECD activities and projects, including:
- Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia
- OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme
- Green Action Programme
- OECD Development Centre
- Global Forum on Agriculture (GFA)
- Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purpose (GFTEOI).
Statistics from Kazakhstan are also gathered in OECD platforms including:
- PARIS 21 Partnership in Statistics for Development in the 21st century
- Multi-Dimensional Review of Kazakhstan – Initial findings
- Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).
Key Events and Meetings:
- OECD Eurasia Week, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 23-25 October 2017
- OECD Day at EXPO 2017, Astana, Kazakhstan, 11 July 2017 English | Pусский
- OECD Ministerial Council Meeting (MCM), Paris France, 7-8 June 2017
- Bilateral meeting between OECD Secretary General, Mr. Angel Gurría and Prime Minister of Kazakhstan, Mr. Karim Massimov, Davos, Switzerland, 22 January, 2015