Kazakhstan and the OECD
A GROWING PARTNERSHIP
"Introduction of OECD best practices in our policies is a prerequisite for strengthening our role in a global economy”, statement by Kazakhstan Prime-Minister (2014-16) Karim Massimov (left) during the KCP signing ceremony with OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría (right).
Kazakhstan has made sustained efforts to work with the OECD since 2000 and has been particularly active since 2008. This partnership entered a new phase with the OECD Kazakhstan Country Programme (KCP) by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Prime-Minister Karim Massimov on 22 January 2015. In addition, Kazakhstan serves as co-chair of the Environmental Action Programme (EAP) Task Force for Eastern Europe and Central Asia and is a member of the Governing Board of the OECD’s Development Centre, where it is co-chair of the work stream on Revenue Spending and Stabilisation Funds of the Policy Dialogue on Natural Resource-based Development (PD-NR).
From 2012 to 2016, it served as co-chair of the OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme’s Central Asia Initiative. In 2017, it becomes the first country in the region to host the OECD Eurasia Week, a ministerial-level event that serves as a platform for a discussion on a broad spectrum of thematic issues relevant to further improving the region’s competitiveness.
THE COUNTRY PROGRAMME
Kazakhstan is one of the three first countries to implement an OECD Country Programme, which offers partner countries a unique whole-of-government/whole-of-OECD engagement, with a view to supporting the country’s reform agenda and strengthening its role as a reform leader in its region. The Kazakhstan Country Programme (KCP) initially covered the 2015-16 period, but the two sides have since decided to extend it to end-2018.
The KCP comprises 19 policy reviews or capacity-building projects, potential adherence by Kazakhstan to 29 OECD instruments and enhanced participation in seven OECD Committees or their subsidiary bodies. The Programme is organised around seven broad themes: i) public governance, ii) fiscal affairs, iii) education, iv) competitiveness and business climate, v) health, employment and social inclusion, vi) statistics and vii) the environment. In 2017, Kazakhstan prepared a reform roadmap, outlining its plans for acting on the policy recommendations derived from OECD work under the KCP.
Some recent highlights include the invitation for Kazakhstan to adhere to the Declaration on International Investment and Multinational Enterprises. Kazakhstan also completed its adherence to the Recommendation of the Council on OECD Guidelines for Managing Conflict of Interest in the Public Service, the Recommendation of the Council on Principles for Transparency and Integrity in Lobbying and the Recommendation of the Council on Digital Government Strategies among others.
PARTICIPATION IN OECD BODIES
Kazakhstan participates in the work of around 30 OECD Committees, Working Parties and other bodies. It has recently joined the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit-Shifting (BEPS) Project (2016), an initiative involving over 100 countries in an effort to tackle tax avoidance strategies that exploit gaps and mismatches in tax rules to artificially shift profits to low or no-tax locations. The country has also become a Participant in the Competition Committee (2016), the Committee on Statistics and Statistical Policy (2016), and the Working Party on State Ownership and Privatisation Practices (2016).
Kazakhstan participates in numerous other OECD activities and projects, including:
- Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia
- OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme
- Green Action Programme
- OECD Development Centre
- Global Forum on Agriculture (GFA)
- Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purpose (GFTEOI).
Statistics from Kazakhstan are also gathered in OECD platforms including:
- PARIS 21 Partnership in Statistics for Development in the 21st century
- Multi-Dimensional Review of Kazakhstan – Initial findings
- Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).
LATEST OECD PUBLICATIONS ON KAZAKHSTAN
In examining the higher education system in Kazakhstan, this report builds on a 2007 joint OECD/World Bank review: Reviews of National Policies for Education: Higher Education in Kazakhstan 2007. Each chapter presents an overview of progress made in the past decade across the main areas explored in the 2007 report, such as quality and relevance, access and equity, internationalisation, research and innovation, financing and governance. The report also examines policy responses to evolving dynamics in higher education and the wider socio-economic changes. Kazakhstan’s higher education system has made progress over the past ten years. However, there is scope for improvement in delivering labour-market relevant skills to Kazakhstanis, and in supporting economic growth through research and innovation.
- OECD Eurasia Week, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 23-25 October 2017
- OECD Day at EXPO 2017, Astana, Kazakhstan, 11 July 2017 English | Pусский
- OECD Ministerial Council Meeting (MCM), Paris France, 7-8 June 2017
- Bilateral meeting between OECD Secretary General, Mr. Angel Gurría and Prime Minister of Kazakhstan, Mr. Karim Massimov, Davos, Switzerland, 22 January, 2015