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The global economy continues to run at low speed and many countries, particularly in Europe, seem unable to overcome the legacies of the crisis. With high unemployment, high inequality and low trust still weighing heavily, it is imperative to swiftly implement reforms that boost demand and employment and raise potential growth.
These ready-made tables and charts provide for snapshot of aid (Official Development Assistance) for all DAC Members as well as recipient countries and territories. Summary reports by regions (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania) and the world are also available.
In 2013, the EU institutions provided USD 15.9 billion ODA (preliminary data), a fall of 13.1% in real terms from 2012.
How can governments ensure that migration and free movement of workers contribute to meeting the labour market shortages that are expected to arise over the next 50 years? How can societies better use the skills of their migrants? What lessons can non-European OECD countries offer Europe, particularly regarding labour migration management? “Matching economic migration with labour market needs” addresses these questions.
The EU Single Market remains fragmented by complex and heterogeneous rules at the EU and national levels affecting trade, capital, including foreign direct investment, and labour mobility.
Action taken by many European countries to return their public finances to health are beginning to pay off, says the OECD. The Euro area economies which emerged from the crisis with serious current account deficits are now in surplus. Debt-to-GDP ratios are stabilising and market tensions have abated.
Low productivity growth in the EU has deep structural causes. Strengthening human capital, work incentives and competition, and better integrating the Single Market would boost inclusive growth.
Fiscal consolidation has made much progress, but government debt in many countries is still too high. Continued consolidation is needed, but without losing sight of the need to support inclusive growth and job creation, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
Raising euro area economic performance requires cleaning up bank balance sheets, completing banking union to foster unbiased risk assessment, further structural reforms and strong fiscal policy frameworks.
After five years of work at every level to correct the fiscal, financial and external imbalances that led to the crisis, and to reinforce fiscal and financial institutions, the Euro Area is beginning to show signs of recovery. But, despite these positive signs, growth is still weak and uneven.