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This report examines both approaches and discusses the tax and environmental policy issues raised by environmental taxes, (such as the desirability or non-desirability to earnmark to enviornmental programmes the proceeds of these taxes) and how tax and environmental policies can...
Recommends that, to help achieve the goals of ecologically sustainable development and integrated resource management, strategic planning and integrated management of coastal zones should be developed, and implemented by Member countries.
Recommends that Member countries make: i) a greater and more consistent use of economic instruments as a complement or a substitute to other policy instruments such as regulations, taking into account national socio-economic conditions.
Recommends that Member Governments integrate substantive environmental considerations into arrangements for regional and land-use planning, using environmental assessment procedures, into the planning and decision-making process of projects having impact on the environment.
Recommends that Member countries fully integrate environmental considerations, at the earliest possible stage, in their tourism development policies and strategies.
The Governments of OECD Member countries declare that they will strive to ensure that environmental considerations are incorporated at an early stage of any decision in all economic and social sectors likely to have significant environmental consequences.
Recommends that Member countries, in elaborating policies for expanded coal use, develop or improve environmental protection and control measures with effect from the planning and policy drafting stage in order to achieve integrated environment and energy policies.
Recommends that member countries develop comprehensive noise abatement programmes and co-ordinate existing regulations and actions. In particular Member countries should develop comprehensive laws to cover all noise sources and means of action.
The governments of OECD Member countries declare that the protection and progressive improvement of the quality of the environment is a major objective of the OECD Member countries.
Recommends that the Governments of Member countries should adopt measures to reduce all man-made emissions of mercury to the environment to the lowest possible levels, with particular attention to the elimination of alkyl-mercury compounds.