OECD Statistics on Aid Targeting Global and Local Environment Objectives
The DAC is monitoring aid targeting the global and local environmental objectives through its Creditor Reporting System (CRS) using “policy markers”: donors are requested to indicate for each aid activity they report to the OECD whether or not it targets environmental objectives.
The Rio Conventions were established in 1992 on Climate Change, Biological Diversity and Desertification. Developed country Parties committed to assist developing countries in the implementation of these Conventions.
A scoring system of three values is used, in which aid activities are “marked” as targeting the environment or the Rio Conventions as the “principal" objective or a “significant" objective, or as not targeting the objective.
Five statistical policy markers exist to monitor aid for environmental purposes within the OECD/DAC, these are:
The “Environment” marker (introduced in 1992)
Four Rio markers covering:
Biodiversity (introduced in 1998)
Climate Change Adaptation (introduced in 2010)
Climate Change Mitigation (introduced in 1998)
Desertification (introduced in 1998)
The Rio markers are applicable to ODA and recently also to other official flows (non-concessional developmental flows, excluding export credits) starting from 2010.
The time series for Rio marker data(May 2013). Note that data available in the CRS online may differ from the time series. The latter takes into account special studies that are not fully integrated into the regular CRS database.