As a major user of land in many countries agriculture has had, and continues to have, a large impact on biodiversity and ecosystems. Agro-ecosystems, biodiversity and agriculture are closely interconnected; ecological functions and ecosystem services, such as soil structure and fertility maintenance, nutrient cycling, pollination, and the regulation of pests and diseases are vital for crop production.
The project "Biodiversity, ecosystems and agricultural policies" examines how to better attain synergies and minimise trade-offs across this nexus; and draws on experiences from a broad range of countries and will summarise implications in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals.
- Green growth for food, agriculture and fisheries
Read more on OECD work on sustainable agriculture including on biodiversity and ecosystems.