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The price of water is a key determinant of both the economic efficiency and the environmental effectiveness of water services. This book reviews current practices and recent trends in water pricing practises for the household, agriculture, and in...
Adequate water pricing in the agricultural sector is a key factor in maintaining the operational capacity of water supply systems. Making irrigators pay for the costs they impose on public and private suppliers contributes to restraining short-term water demands.
The objectives of this report are two-fold: to update inventory information about existing water price levels and structures in households in as many OECD countries as possible; and to generate comparative interpretations of that data.
The main objectives of this report are: - to update inventory information about industrial water prices in OECD countries; and - to generate comparative interpretations of that data, using an appropriate analytical framework. The report is org...
These country case studies are background information for the Handbook of Incentive Measures for Biodiversity.
This paper on water subsidies and their environmental implications is prepared in the context of current OECD work on the more general relationship between subsidies and the environment. One of the main aims of this latter work is to identify sub...
The earth's biological diversity, or "biodiversity" in its widest sense is synonymous with "life on earth." Its loss has become an international concern in recent years and has led to the rapid ratification of the Convention on Biological Diversi...
Recommends that Member countries review their existing institutional arrangements, comprising administrative, legal and economic systems, in the field of water resources with the view to improving the integrated management of their water resource policies.
Recommends that Member countries in their national and, where possible, their international water management policies take into account the water resources, both surface (lakes, rivers, estuaries and coastal waters) and underground.
Recommends that Governments of Member countries take measures to reduce to the extent required the pollution of surface waters resulting in eutrophication, with particular reference to the problem arising from the transfer of nutrient loaded waters across frontiers.