The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity requires finance and investment from the public and private sectors. Clear objectives, securing long-term funds, with prioritised criteria, and consistent performance evaluation are all features that help to deliver more effective outcomes.
The OECD’s work considers how financial flows can be scaled-up, whilst enhancing the cost-effectiveness of existing biodiversity financing. Distributional implications of biodiversity policies are also examined.
The 2017-18 project "Biodiversity finance - Effectiveness and efficiency" will review the available evidence on the environmental and cost-effectiveness of various biodiversity policies, and the advances in targeting tools that can help ensure policies deliver greater biodiversity benefits per unit of investment.