Biodiversity, water and natural resource management
Economics and policies for biodiversity: OECD's response
The OECD provides governments with analysis to support the development of biodiversity policies that are economically efficient, environmentally effective and distributionally equitable. Policy analysis by the OECD focuses on the economic valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and the use of economic instruments, incentives, and other policy measures to promote the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services. This work also supports the Convention on Biological Diversity.
BIODIVERSITY, LAND USE AND ECOSYSTEMS: what'S HAPPENING 2017-18
OECD work on biodiversity and ecosystems
BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEMS
OECD work on biodiversity and ecosystems is addressing a number of key areas of current and emerging policy priorities. These topics are also directly relevant to the upcoming meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP13) which will take place in December 2016 in Mexico. These include:
- Marine Protected Areas - Economics, Management and Effective Policy - this project is examining the key issues that need to be considered for the effective design and implementation of marine protected areas (MPAs). Focus areas include the costs and benefits of MPAs, how to effectively site an MPA, robust monitoring and reporting frameworks, compliance and enforcement, and how to help ensure sustainable financing of MPAs.
- Biodiversity and Development - Mainstreaming and Managing for Results - this ongoing work is focusing on the three key areas namely mainstreaming biodiversity and development objectives at the national level, at the sectoral level (e.g. in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry), and how to monitor and evaluate mainstreaming performance over time. It is a joint project between the OECD Environment Directorate and the Development Co-operation Directorate.
- Barriers to Effective Biodiversity Policy Reform - this project is examining the political economy elements of biodiversity policy reform. It aims to identify the barriers encountered in effectively implementing biodiversity policy reform (e.g., competitiveness issues, distributional concerns), and how these can be addressed.
scaling-up finance mechanisms for BIODIVERSITY
- This report examines six mechanisms that can be used to scale-up financing for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use and to help meet the 2011-20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets.
- The mechanisms are environmental fiscal reform, payments for ecosystem services, biodiversity offsets, green markets, biodiversity in climate change funding, and biodiversity in international development finance
- Drawing on literature and more than 40 case studies worldwide, this book addresses the following questions:
- What are these mechanisms and how do they work?
- How much finance have they mobilised and what potential is there to scale this up?
- What are the key design and implementation issues that need to be addressed so that governments can ensure these mechanisms are environmentally effective, economically efficient and distributionally equitable?
Read the PDF version.
Key Policy Areas
- OECD side event on Mainstreaming biodiversity and development at the CBD COP13 in Cancun, Mexico, on 7 December 2016. The event highlighted the main opportunities, challenges and lessons learned on mainstreaming biodiversity and development; and drew on preliminary messages from an on-going OECD project that examines mainstreaming efforts in a range of countries, at national and sectoral levels.
- International Day for Biological Diversity: What is biodiversity mainstreaming? Insights Blog, 22 May 2016.
- The OECD convened a side-event on Mainstreaming Biodiversity and Development at the CBD SBI in Montreal, Canada, on 4 May 2016. The event highlighted the main opportunities, challenges and lessons learned on mainstreaming biodiversity and development across national and sectoral policies in developing countries. OECD presentation on Biodiversity and Development: Mainstreaming and Managing for Results now online.
- OECD presented on the OECD EPRs and insights for the CBD NBSAP review process at the "Friends of the CBD" Workshop on Mechanisms to support review of implementation of the Convention Switzerland, March 2016.
- Workshop on Biodiversity and Development: Mainstreaming and Managing for Results, OECD Headquarters, France, 18 February 2015. This workshop, jointly convened by the Environment and the Development Co-operation Directorates, brought together over 85 representatives from the biodiversity and development co-operation communities to share experiences and insights on the key opportunities and challenges to mainstreaming biodiversity into development policies and planning and into development co-operation.
CONTACT & SOCIAL MEDIA