Biodiversity, water and natural resource management

Economics and policies for biodiversity: OECD's response


The OECD provides governments with analysis to support the development of biodiversity policies that are economically efficient, environmentally effective and distributionally equitable. Policy analysis by the OECD focuses on the economic valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and the use of economic instruments, incentives, and other policy measures to promote the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services. This work also supports the Convention on Biological Diversity.



OECD work on biodiversity and ecosystems



OECD work on biodiversity and ecosystems is addressing a number of key areas of current and emerging policy priorities. These topics are also directly relevant to the upcoming meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP13) which will take place in December 2016 in Mexico. These include:

  • Marine Protected Areas - Economics, Management and Effective Policy - this project is examining the key issues that need to be considered for the effective design and implementation of marine protected areas (MPAs). Focus areas include the costs and benefits of MPAs, how to effectively site an MPA, robust monitoring and reporting frameworks, compliance and enforcement, and how to help ensure sustainable financing of MPAs.

  • Biodiversity and Development - Mainstreaming and Managing for Results - this ongoing work is focusing on the three key areas namely mainstreaming biodiversity and development objectives at the national level, at the sectoral level (e.g. in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry), and how to monitor and evaluate mainstreaming performance over time. It is a joint project between the OECD Environment Directorate and the Development Co-operation Directorate.

  • Barriers to Effective Biodiversity Policy Reform - this project is examining the political economy elements of biodiversity policy reform. It aims to identify the barriers encountered in effectively implementing biodiversity policy reform (e.g., competitiveness issues, distributional concerns), and how these can be addressed.

scaling-up finance mechanisms for BIODIVERSITY

  • This report examines six mechanisms that can be used to scale-up financing for biodiversity conservation and sustainable use and to help meet the 2011-20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

  • The mechanisms are environmental fiscal reform, payments for ecosystem services, biodiversity offsets, green markets, biodiversity in climate change funding, and biodiversity in international development finance

  • Drawing on literature and more than 40 case studies worldwide, this book addresses the following questions:

  1. What are these mechanisms and how do they work?
  2. How much finance have they mobilised and what potential is there to scale this up?
  3. What are the key design and implementation issues that need to be addressed so that governments can ensure these mechanisms are environmentally effective, economically efficient and distributionally equitable?


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Working Papers

Key Policy Areas

  • Biodiversity indicators, valuation and assessment
  • Economic instruments, incentives and market
  • Biodiversity finance, developement and distributional issues
  • Biodiversity and Climate Change
  • Biodiversity and Agriculture
  • Biodiversity and Fisheries





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