Biodiversity, water and natural resource management
Economics and policies for biodiversity: OECD's response
The OECD provides governments with analysis to support the development of biodiversity policies that are economically efficient, environmentally effective and distributionally equitable. Policy analysis by the OECD focuses on the economic valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and the use of economic instruments, incentives, and other policy measures to promote the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and associated ecosystem services. This work also supports the Convention on Biological Diversity.
BIODIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEMS: What'S HAPPENING IN 2016
OECD work on biodiversity and ecosystems is addressing a number of key areas of current and emerging policy priorities. These topics are also directly relevant to the upcoming meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP13) which will take place in December 2016 in Mexico. These include:
- The Economics of Marine Protected Areas -this project is examining the key issues that need to be considered for the effective design and implementation of marine protected areas (MPAs). Focus areas include the costs and benefits of MPAs, how to effectively site an MPA, robust monitoring and reporting frameworks, compliance and enforcement, and how to help ensure sustainable financing of MPAs.
- Biodiversity and Development: Mainstreaming and Managing for Results - this project is focusing on the three key areas namely mainstreaming biodiversity and development objectives at the national level, at the sectoral level (e.g. in agriculture, fisheries, forestry, tourism), and how to monitor and evaluate mainstreaming performance over time. It is a joint project between the OECD Environment Directorate and the Development Co-operation Directorate. The theme of the upcoming CBD COP13 in December 2016 is "Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Well-Being".
- Barriers to Effective Biodiversity Policy Reform - this project is examining the political economy elements of biodiversity policy reform. It aims to identify the barriers encountered in effectively implementing biodiversity policy reform (e.g., competitiveness issues, distributional concerns), and how these can be addressed.
OECD work on biodiversity and ecosystems
- Biodiversity Offsets (forthcoming) - This report will provide policy makers and practitioners with good practice insights on the opportunities, challenges and means to address biodiversity offset design and implementation features so as to ensure more effective programmes. Read the Preliminary Policy Highlights.
- Scaling-up Finance Mechanisms for Biodiversity - This publication examines the opportunities for scaling-up finance for biodiversity from six-called "innovative financial mechanisms" as classified under the Convention on Biological Diversity. Read the full Policy Highlights below.
Key Policy Areas
- The OECD gave a plenary presentation at the CBD SBI1 in Montreal, Canada on OECD EPRs and insights for the CBD NBSAP review process (presentation forthcoming).
- The OECD convened a side-event on Mainstreaming Biodiversity and Development at the CBD SBI in Montreal, Canada, on 4 May 2016. The event highlighted the main opportunities, challenges and lessons learned on mainstreaming biodiversity and development across national and sectoral policies in developing countries. OECD presentation on Biodiversity and Development: Mainstreaming and Managing for Results now online.
- OECD presented on the OECD EPRs and insights for the CBD NBSAP review process at the "Friends of the CBD" Workshop on Mechanisms to support review of implementation of the Convention Switzerland, March 2016.
- Workshop on Biodiversity and Development: Mainstreaming and Managing for Results, OECD Headquarters, France, 18 February 2015. This workshop, jointly convened by the Environment and the Development Co-operation Directorates, brought together over 85 representatives from the biodiversity and development co-operation communities to share experiences and insights on the key opportunities and challenges to mainstreaming biodiversity into development policies and planning and into development co-operation.
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