Loss of biodiversity and pressures on ecosystem services are global challenges. Land cover change is the best measure available to monitor pressures on terrestrial ecosystems and biodiversity. Read more on the new OECD indicator on land cover changes and conversions.
As international concern about global environment and sustainable development becomes more pressing, government, business and the public all need reliable and harmonised data on the environment. Read more to find OECD environmental data on a specific country and theme.
The OECD is developing an improved method to generate more detailed indicators on protected areas, both terrestrial and marine, for countries across the world. It applies a harmonised methodology to data from the World Database on Protected Areas.
Traditional measures of productivity do not fully take into account the use of environmental services for economic growth. This is why the OECD has started to integrate pollution and the use of natural resources into a new indicator: “Environmentally adjusted multifactor productivity”.
The OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) collects aid flows at activity level based on a standard methodology and agreed definitions. The Aid to Water Supply and Sanitation sector is broken down into eleven sub sectors including policy, sanitation, supply, rivers and waste.
Statistics on external development finance extended with the purpose of assisting developing countries in the implementation of the three Rio Conventions.
The Climate Fund Inventory (CFI) database is a qualitative database of bilateral and multilateral public climate funds. This CFI initiative is in response to the proliferation of the number of climate funds that have been established to support countries with their climate change mitigation and adaptation actions, as well as readiness activities.
The DAC defines aid to Energy generation and supply as including energy sector policy, planning and programmes, and aid to power generation of both renewable and non-renewable sources.
This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
The international transfer effect of CO2 emissions are measured using the latest OECD Input-Output Tables, Bilateral trade in goods and services, and energy statistics.