Recent work in Moldova and the Kyrgyz Republic proved that addressing this general challenge requires different tools and actions and different levels of effort, depending on country-specific situation.
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Final report to the donor
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The paper is based on a desk review, discussions with stakeholders, and joint work with the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of the Republic of Moldova on drafting the so-called "Institutional Development Plan".
This working paper analyses the current practices of ten OECD countries in the use of quantitative indicators characterising outcomes of activities to ensure compliance with environmental pollution prevention and control regulations.
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Many countries have pledged targets or actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the Copenhagen Accord. New OECD analysis shows that these pledges go towards but are not ambitious enough to limit long-term temperature rise to 2°C.
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The objective of the Global Forum on Environment focused on eco-innovation was to share experience on policy issues related to the development and diffusion of eco-innovation.
There may be scope for beneficial differentiation in patent rights, which is the primary subject of this working paper.
Measuring Innovation: A New Perspective presents new measures and new ways of looking at traditional indicators. It builds on 50 years of indicator development by OECD and goes beyond R&D to describe the broader context in which innovation occurs. It includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest. It highlights measurement gaps and proposes directions for advancing the measurement agenda.
This publication begins by describing innovation today. It looks at what is driving innovation in firms, and how the scientific and research landscape is being reconfigured by convergence, interdisciplinarity and the new geography of innovation hot spots. It presents broader measures of innovation, for example using new indicators of investment in intangible assets and trademarks.
Human capital is the basic input of innovation, and a series of indicators looks at how well education systems are contributing to the knowledge and research bases. Further series examine how firms transform skills and knowledge, and shed light on the different roles of public and private investment in fostering innovation and reaping its rewards, with concrete examples from major global challenges such as health and climate change.
Measuring Innovation is a major step towards evidence-based innovation policy making. It complements traditional “positioning”-type indicators with ones that show how innovation is, or could be, linked to policy. It also recognises that much more remains to be done, and points to the measurement challenges statisticians, researchers and policy makers alike need to address.
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Chinese version of the eco-innovation policies in China report.
The data and a range of other indicators of the crisis and its aftermath can be found in the OECD’s Factbook 2010, an annual digest of economic, social and environmental statistics.