OECD’s modelling work supports governments in identifying least-cost policies or policy mixes to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and assesses the cost and impacts of possible post-2012 international frameworks.
Is the value of reducing environment-related health risks greater for children than for adults? A research project involving leading research teams has sought to answer this question through the implementation of surveys of parents in three OECD countries.
“We must be able to grow our economy in ways that the earth can sustain. That means growth without carbon and using the earth’s amazing larder of natural resources in ways that keep ecosystems healthy.” says WWF chief James P. Leape
The OECD Environmental Data Compendium presents data linking pollution and natural resources with economic activity placing pressures on the environment.
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In negotiation sessions leading up to COP 16 progress on outlining post-2012 market mechanisms has also been limited. The OECD and IEA have researched the possibility to expand carbon markets by granting broader access to developing countries.
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This policy brief highlights lessons learned from a decade of OECD and IEA policy analysis on the international competitiveness issue in climate policy and provides key policy messages.
This working paper demonstrates an approach to assess future risks and quantify the benefits of adaptation options at a city-scale, with application to flood risk in Mumbai.
This working paper highlights the importance of environmental management and governance in the agricultural sector; to present environmental goals, requirements, entry points, and strategies/approaches to capacity development for the environment (CDE) in this sector.
This working paper highlights the importance of environmental management and governance in the energy sector and presents environmental goals, requirements, entry points, and strategies/approaches to capacity development for the environment (CDE) in this sector.
This 2010 review of Japan's environmental conditions and policies evaluates progress in reducing the pollution burden, improving natural resource management, integrating environmental and economic policies, and strengthening international co-operation. It includes coverage of policy for greening growth, implementation of environmental policies, climate change, waste management and the 3Rs (reduce, reuse, recycle), and nature and biodiversity.
The review finds that since the last review, Japan has made steady progress in addressing a range of environmental issues, notably air and water pollution, and the management of chemicals and waste. The energy intensity of the economy has continued to decrease, particularly in the industrial sector, and is among the lowest in OECD countries. Material intensity has also decreased.
At the same time, several more complex, long-term challenges have come to the fore: climate change, sound waste, materials management, and biodiversity conservation. Much of the last decade was characterised by sluggish economic growth, and environment and green innovation are targeted as key drivers of future growth and job creation in Japan's New Growth Strategy.