Publications & Documents


  • 6-November-2013

    English

    OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Austria 2013

    This report is the third OECD review of Austria’s environmental performance. The report evaluates Austria's progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on chemicals management and climate change adaptation.

  • 4-November-2013

    English

    Carbon taxes and emissions trading are cheapest ways of reducing CO2, OECD says

    Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.

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  • 4-November-2013

    English

    Effective Carbon Prices

    Economic textbooks predict that taxes and emission trading systems are the cheapest way for societies to reduce emissions of CO2. This book shows that this is also the case in the real world. It estimates the costs to society of reducing CO2 emissions in 15 countries using a broad range of policy instruments in 5 of the sectors that generate most emissions: electricity generation, road transport, pulp & paper and cement, as well as households’ domestic energy use. It finds wide variations in the costs of abating each tonne of CO2 within and among countries, as well as in the sectors examined and across different types of policy instruments. Market-based approaches like taxes and trading systems consistently reduced CO2 at a lower cost than other instruments. Capital subsidies and feed-in tariffs were among the most expensive ways of reducing emissions.

  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 700kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note for Brazil

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Brazil. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity eneration, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

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  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 743kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note in Denmark

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Denmark. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity generation, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

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  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 699kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note for Japan

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Japan. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity generation, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

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  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 762kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note for France

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in France. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity generation, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

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  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 925kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note for Germany

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Germany. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity generation, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

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  • 4-November-2013

    English, PDF, 1,492kb

    Effective Carbon Prices - Country Note for Australia

    This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Australia. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity generation, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.

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  • 29-October-2013

    English

    2013 Meeting of the Environment Policy Committee (EPOC)

    While the recovery process takes hold, we risk that short-term economic pressures shift policy-makers’ attention away from environmental concerns. But we need to continue pushing for green growth and cannot afford to delay our fight against climate change.

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