By 2015, half of the world’s people living on less than USD 1.25 a day will be in fragile states. While poverty has decreased globally, progress on Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 is slower in fragile states than in other developing countries. Fragile states are also off-track to meet the rest of the MDGs by 2015.
Fragile situations became a central concern of the international development and security agenda in the 1990s. Since then, powerful forces have been influencing the causes and manifestations of fragility, including the combination of democratic aspirations, new technologies, demographic shifts and climate change. The last five years have been especially tumultuous, encompassing the 2008 food, fuel and financial crisis and the Arab Spring, which began in 2011.These events have influenced the international debate on the nature, relevance and implications of fragility. While situations of fragility clearly have common elements – including poverty, inequality and vulnerability – how can we make sense of the great diversity in their national income, endowment in natural resources or historical trajectories? How do we move towards a more substantive concept of fragility that goes beyond a primary focus on the quality of government policies and institutions to include a broader picture of the economy and society? This publication takes stock of i) the evolution of fragility as a concept, ii) analyses of financial flows to and within fragile states between 2000 and 2010, and iii) trends and issues that are likely to shape fragility in the years to come.
In his speech to OECD Ambassadors, the President of Iceland discussed how Iceland could offer lessons on the nature of a clean energy economy; and presented some insights from Iceland's recent challenges in dealing with the financial crisis.
This site has been created in order to share information and facilitate research on ‘environmental’ innovation. The intended audience is the professional public. The definitions that will be published here are an outcome of extensive groundwork by many researchers.
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Presentation for the CGDD-OECD Seminar on the assessment of ecosystem services and its use for public policies.
English, PDF, 271kb
This flyer includes comprehensive information on the following waste areas of work: sustainable materials management, environmentally sound management of waste, transboundary movements of waste, waste prevention and minimisation, and radioactive waste management.
English, PDF, 521kb
These surveys represent a breakthrough by providing a common framework to collect empirical evidence which can be used in order to design more effective and efficient policies while taking into account social aspects. Five areas where households exert particular environmental pressures are examined: residential energy and water use, transport choices, food consumption, and waste generation and recycling.
A side event was held at the UNFCCC 18th Conference of the Parties, to promote the Busan partnership on Climate Finance and Development Effectiveness - Doha, Qatar, 1 December 2012.
A new OECD report presents around 550 measures that support fossil-fuel production or use in the OECD’s 34 member countries and also highlights the successes and challenges in bringing about reform, says this OECD Insights blog post.
We are confident that these two reports will help Mexico to strengthen its environmental and water policies in favour of a better quality of life for Mexico’s citizens and a cleaner planet, said A. Gurría.
A one-day seminar organised jointly by the OECD and the General Commission for Sustainable Development (Commissariat général au Développement durable -CGDD). The objective of the seminar was to examine the link between assessment of ecosystem services and the design and enforcement of public policies at national and local levels.