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Better water management is vital to meet human needs, sustain economic activities, and achieve environmental goals. Yet, governments face challenges in navigating the political economy of reform in the water sector.
Providing sustainable drinking water supply and sanitation services requires sound financial basis and strategic financial planning to ensure that existing and future financial resources are commensurate with investment needs as well as the costs of operating and maintaining services.
A persistent failure to realise the potential for better water management in the face of growing pressures (population growth, urbanisation, economic development, pollution, mismanagement, floods and droughts) attests to the need for water reform in many parts of the world, said M. Gurría.
Investing in and managing water and sanitation is a complex challenge. In the context of the Global Forum on Environment this week, OECD looks at the financial realities of funding water infrastructure.
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Governments and taxpayers spent about half a trillion dollars last year supporting the production and consumption of fossil fuels. Removing inefficient subsidies would raise national revenues and reduce greenhouse-gas emissions, according to OECD and IEA analyses.
This Inventory provides reliable and comparable data on support or tax expenditures for fossil fuel production or use in OECD countries. Reforming fossil fuel subsidies can contribute to achieving economic and fiscal objectives, while also tackling environmental problems like climate change.
Inducing environmental innovation is a significant challenge to policy-makers. Efforts to design public policies that address these issues are motivated by the fact that innovations can allow for improved environmental quality at lower cost.
This report evaluates how well EECCA countries have done in ensuring people’s access to adequate water supply and sanitation services since their Economic, Finance, and Environment Ministers adopted the Almaty Guiding Principles to support such efforts in 2000.
7th “Environment for Europe” Ministerial Conference took place in Astana (Kazakhstan) on 21-23 September 2011. Two main themes: sustainable management of water and water-related ecosystems and greening the economy: mainstreaming the environment into economic development.