The European Union’s Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine) struggle with environmental challenges related to the consumption and end-of-life management of many harmful products. This policy manual considers the potential use and implementation of four categories of product-related economic instruments to address some of these challenges: product taxes, tax differentiation based on environmental factors, deposit-refund systems and extended producer responsibility (EPR).
The EAP Task Force will discuss contributions to the 2016 “Environment for Europe” Ministerial Conference, ongoing work on access to private finance for green investments in Ukraine, recent work on creating market incentives for greener products, and the work plan for 2016. It will also review activities carried out in framework of the EU Water Initiative, and the future work plan on strengthening water management policies in EECCA.
Addressing climate change requires urgent policy action to drive a global infrastructure and technological transformation. The latest report 'Aligning Policies for a Low-carbon Economy' presents the first diagnosis of the alignments of policy and regulatory frameworks with climate policy goals. Join the Green Growth Knowledge Platform (GGKP) for a webinar exploring these issues on 5 October 2015, 15:00-16:30 (Paris time).
English, PDF, 347kb
The rapid development of tourism and energy-intensive industry is exerting increasing pressures on the environmental assets upon which much of Iceland’s growth has been founded.
The OECD has launched a project on effects of public policy conditions on leveraging private financing for environmental and climate mitigation investments. An analysis on Effectiveness of Policies and Strategies to Increase the Capacity Utilisation of Intermittent Renewable Power Plants is now available.
As we approach COP21 it is becoming increasingly clear that more ambition is needed to get us on a 2 degree pathway. But it is not just about committing to emission reduction targets by 2030. Governments need to demonstrate how their policies will credibly put them on a pathway to even deeper reductions.
The current Volkswagen diesel emissions scandal highlights the difficult reality of making the transition to a low-carbon economy. It also highlights the growing need for governments to make smart policies, based on actual costs.
We know that the adverse impacts of climate change are expected to slow growth and exacerbate poverty. An effective climate response is therefore not only an environmental necessity but an integral part of sustainable development.
Nitrogen run-off from farming and other land uses was threatening to undermine the pristine waters of Lake Taupo – New Zealand’s largest and most iconic lake – and to damage a range of economic and cultural activities. In 2011, the regional government introduced a water quality policy package. This bold policy experiment is unique: it is the only trading programme or market where diffuse sources of pollution operate under a cap.
Cost-benefit analyses and other quantitative appraisals are used in many countries to support decision-making in public policy, including investment projects in sectors such as transport and energy. This paper discusses the range of approaches which can be employed to value changes in carbon emissions in policy appraisalsand presents some case studies and a survey of current practice in OECD countries.