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This paper identifies the key design elements of market mechanisms and examines the governance structures and decision-making processes used to create tradable greenhouse gas (GHG) units in existing systems both inside and outside of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
This paper discusses good practice and presents options for how guidance might be developed for a number of elements in setting a national emissions baseline. For each element, two options are presented, which can be considered as “tiers” that move from less detailed to more detailed guidance.
Noted actors in development share their views on what progress has been made from the past 50 years, the remaining challenges and the way toward a more efficient future in development.
Rapid urbanisation, population growth and rising income are generating environmental pressures in Mexico. This review outlines steps taken to address these pressures and identifies cost-effective policies and practices to promote green growth and achieve environmental policy objectives.
The OECD and the ESRC Genomics Policy & Research Forum jointly organised a one-day Forum on 12 November 2012 in Paris. The event was both retrospective and forward-looking. The forum concluded that the promise of biotechnology is not set but evolves with fresh scientific knowledge, novel laws and regulations. The future of biotechnology needs to also integrate social and cultural dimensions.
This review aims to improve our understanding of the implications of the insights from behavioural economics for environmental policy design. The review focuses on the question of incentive design in two broad areas — risk, conflict and cooperation; and mechanism design. A number of lessons for policy design emerge from the literature and are highlighted in the paper.
The OECD 50-year Global Scenario helps to highlight key global challenges and how they are connected.
“We’re going to run out of water much much earlier than we’ll run out of oil,” warned Peter Brabeck-Letmathe, chairman of Nestlé, at the OECD Forum in May 2012. The projections in the OECD’s Environmental Outlook to 2050 certainly suggest that freshwater availability will be strained unless new action is taken.
Is there life on Mars? -article by Julia Laplane, OECD
English, PDF, 1,131kb
For many businesses, declining ecosystem services can pose real risks to their continued profitability. This has motivated some to adopt innovative internal biodiversity policies and engage in a range of activities that conserve biodiversity and improve ecosystem functioning.