Publications & Documents


  • 24-November-2015

    English

    Adapting Transport Policy to Climate Change - Carbon Valuation, Risk and Uncertainty

    Transport accounts for nearly a quarter of carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. The price attached to these emissions is critical to climate policies and emissions mitigation efforts in the sector. As the impact of emissions on climate does not depend on where CO2 is released, the price of carbon should be uniform. In reality, however, it varies immensely, reflecting the complexity of assessing climate impacts.
    This report reviews the three key challenges in considering the effects of carbon dioxide emissions in economic appraisal: the valuation of carbon dioxide emissions, the treatment of uncertainty in climate change and the approach used to discounting future costs and benefits. The report reviews current approaches in selected countries (France, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States) and provides examples of good practice and recommendations for national and international policy making.

     

  • 24-November-2015

    English

    CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion 2015

    In recognition of fundamental changes in the way governments approach energy related environmental issues, the IEA has prepared this publication on CO2 emissions from fuel combustion. This annual publication was first published in 1997 and has become an essential tool for analysts and policy makers in many international for a such as the Conference of the Parties, which will be meeting in Paris, France from 30 November to 11 December 2015.

    The data in this book are designed to assist in understanding the evolution of the emissions of CO2 from 1971 to 2013 for more than 140 countries and regions by sector and by fuel. Emissions were calculated using IEA energy databases and the default methods and emission factors from the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.

     

  • 23-November-2015

    English, PDF, 737kb

    Policy Brief: Three steps to a low-carbon economy

    Tackling climate change will require action in three key areas. First, we must strengthen carbon pricing and remove fossil fuel subsidies. Second, we must remove barriers to green investment. And third, we must align policies across the economy to leave fossil fuels behind and improve transparency on climate finance.

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  • 20-November-2015

    English

    COP21 and public governance

    Combatting climate change requires coordinated action on multiple levels: between countries but also from the centre of government to line ministries, and on to regional and local governments and their citizens. This web page highlights the main public governance challenges related to climate change.

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  • 20-November-2015

    English

    "Ecological Footprint" leaving a trail at OECD

    This project is unique in that it explores how national-level policies impact household behaviour. Topics include energy use, food consumption, personal transport choices, waste generation and recycling, and water consumption. Yet the project does not specifically discuss the term “ecological footprint,” and it retains a macro-policy focus, targeting governments interested in learning which policies to implement.

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  • 19-November-2015

    English

    The Economic Feedbacks of Loss of Biodiversity and Ecosystems Services - Environment Working Paper

    The topic of biodiversity loss has been the subject of a vast and growing scientific and economic literature. Species are estimated to be going extinct at rates 100 to 1000 times faster than in geological times. Globally, terrestrial biodiversity is projected to decrease by a further 10% by 2050.

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  • 19-November-2015

    English

    OECD Observer on climate change: latest articles

    Read the latest articles on climate change by the OECD Observer, which helps policymakers stay ahead of today’s pressing challenges.

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  • 18-November-2015

    English

    Statement from Participants to the Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits

    Participants to the Arrangement on Officially Supported Export Credits have agreed new rules on official support for coal-fired power plants, including restrictions on official export credits for the least efficient coal-fired power plants, the OECD announced today.

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  • 18-November-2015

    English

    Climate change disclosure in G20 countries: Stocktaking of corporate reporting schemes

    This report on climate change disclosure in G20 countries takes stock of mandatory climate change reporting schemes in G20 countries and identifies commonalities and divergences between the various schemes.

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  • 17-November-2015

    English

    COP21: Climate change in figures

    Average global temperature could rise by 3-6 degrees Celsius by 2100 if we don’t act. To keep the rise to 2 degrees Celsius, we need to have net zero emissions by the end of the century. Emissions would need to peak by 2030 to give us a fighting chance of achieving this.

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