A key challenge in the development of safety cases for the deep geological disposal of radioactive waste is handling the long time frame over which the radioactive waste remains hazardous. The intrinsic hazard of the waste decreases with time, but some hazard remains for extremely long periods. This report reviews the current status and ongoing discussions of this issue, addressing such issues as ethical principles, the evolution of the hazard over time, uncertainties in the evolution of the disposal system (and how these uncertainties themselves evolve), the stability and predictability of the geological environment, repository planning and implementation including regulatory requirements, siting decisions, repository design, the development and presentation of safety cases and the planning of pre- and post-closure institutional controls such as monitoring requirements.
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How effective are the stimulus packages introduced by OECD countries? This report examines up-to-date data on the stimulus packages introduced by OECD countries and major emerging economies. It includes recommendations on how packages could help achieve both short and long-term economic, social and environmental benefits, including low-carbon growth.
OECD/IEA Annex I Expert Group SIDE EVENT at UNFCCC meetings in BonnDifferent Strokes for Different Folks: post-2012 MRV and FinanceTuesday, March 31, 13:00 to 15:00 OECD Side Event at AWG BonnSpaghetti Junction: Untangling the strands of a post-2012 climate deal Tuesday,
This working paper seeks to inform critical questions with regard to policy mixes of investments in adaptation and mitigation, and how they might vary over time. This is facilitated here by examining adaptation within global Integrated Assessment Modelling frameworks.
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This document provides an update on developments in the field of regional trade agreements and environment in late 2006 and 2007. It is based on publicly available information and includes an overview of provisions on environment in trade agreements signed since end 2006.
In the current financial crisis, risk-weary investors worry more about keeping their own boats afloat than in pumping money into a sector noted for high upfront costs, long pay back periods and low rates of return. By OECD Observer.
A Check-list for Public Action has been developed by the OECD and its partners to assist governments considering engaging with the private sector in the water sector. OECD Observer explains.
Water is as essential to human activity as air. When cities or societies neglect water, they face collapse. By Jack Moss, Chair of BIAC Water Group, for OECD Observer.
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The current document provides policy guidance in order to improve ERCA indicators in the region of Eastern Europe, Caucasus, and Central Asia (EECCA).
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The paper presents an overview of the main features of the existing EECCA systems of surface water quality standards and the need to improve them. It also describes the key conceptual directions for reform based on OECD and EECCA country experience.