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In February 1996, OECD Ministers agreed to a Council Recommendation on improving the Environmental Performance of Government. This Recommendation is needed to spur Member country governments to reduce the environmental impacts of their own operations and decision-making processes.
This report evaluates strategies to improve the efficiency with which environmental resources are used to meet human needs. Many firms in OECD countries have developed strategies that involve: - developing goals to reduce resource use and polluta...
It is now widely recognised that a greater use of market based instruments is a key element of effective and economically efficient environmental policies, and an important framework condition for sustainable development. Hence, over the last dec...
English, , 184kb
This paper summarizes the findings of Phases I and II and reports on the progress of two pilot studies under way. It illustrates ways to improve the process of prioritizing public investments through consideration of the monetary value of the cos...
English, , 642kb
This paper has been prepared by the EAP Task Force Secretariat at the OECD. It analyses the decentralization trends and current practices of local environmental managers in the NIS. It further provides best practices for reforming local environme...
Severe environmental problems were a key issue in the protests that marked the end of communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. The book shows that economic reforms provided a crucial stimulus for environmental improvement, leading to reductions...
Organised by issues such as climate change, air pollution, biodiversity, waste or water resources, this book provides essential information for all those interested in sustainable development.
English, , 964kb
Regulatory Reform in the NIS: The Case of Water
An agreement on co-operation between the Russian Government and the OECD was signed in June 1994, though co-operation began in 1991. In 1997, OECD and the Russian government agreed that eventual membership of OECD by Russia was a "shared goal".
The collapse of communism in Central Europe in the late 80's, and the disintegration of the Soviet Union in the early 90's, brought the region's serious environmental problems to the attention of the international community. Many of these problem...