Biodiversity offsets are being increasingly used in a wide range of sectors as a mechanism to help compensate for the adverse effects caused by development projects in a variety of ecosystems. Based on the polluter pays approach, they are normally undertaken within an overall objective of no net loss of biodiversity. Their design and implementation features are critical to determining their environmental and cost effectiveness, as well as their distributional implications.
This book examines the opportunities and challenges associated with biodiversity offset programmes and provides policy makers and practitioners with good practice insights on their design and implementation so as to ensure more effective outcomes. It draws on lessons and insights from more than 40 case studies worldwide and three in-depth reviews from the United States, Germany and Mexico.
This meeting will take place on 24-25 November at the OECD Headquarters, and will bring together EECCA and OECD countries as well as partner organisations to shape the work of the GREEN Action Programme. The meeting will determine how to continue the existing co-operation with governments and civil societies in order to help implement policies that are economically efficient, environmentally sustainable and socially acceptable.
The Urban Green Growth in Dynamic Asia project explores how to promote green growth in cities in Asia, examining policies and governance practices that encourage environmental sustainability and competitiveness in a rapidly expanding economy. This synthesis report presents the results of case studies along with practical policy recommendations, reflecting the local contexts of Southeast Asia. While Southeast Asian cities are affected by a range of economic, infrastructure, environmental and social challenges, ongoing rapid development offers opportunities to shift towards greener growth models. The concept of urban green growth can be a powerful vector of sustainable development, by emphasising the existence and potential of co-benefits between economic and environmental performance.
The UN Climate Change Conference (COP22) will be held in Bab Ighli, Marrakech, Morocco from 7-18 November 2016. Check out the OECD's contribution to the conference.
We are all brought together by the collective global project to transform our economies, still hard-wired around fossil fuels, into green, low-emissions and climate-resilient economies. This is a huge challenge. It requires massive leadership, and well-aligned policies across government, as well as the scaling up of green finance. Given the scale of this investment, the role of finance is critical.
Launching an environmental review is a process of comprehensive research and analytical effort, that usually takes a year and a half. Find out more about the current work in progress for Estonia, Korea, New Zealand, Canada and Switzerland.
Energy efficiency improvements over the last 25 years saved a cumulative USD 5.7 trillion in energy expenditures. This virtual supply of energy generates multiple benefits for governments, businesses and households, including greater energy security from reduced dependence on energy imports and billions of tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions reductions.
Strengthening our understanding of the energy efficiency market and the prospects over the medium term is becoming increasingly important. The 2015 Energy Efficiency Market Report (EEMR) evaluates the impact of energy efficiency in the energy system and assesses the scale and outlook for further energy efficiency investment using detailed country-by-country energy efficiency indicator data and IEA expertise.
This year’s report includes an in-depth look into the buildings energy efficiency market and the electricity sector. Energy efficiency investments in the buildings sector totalled between USD 90 billion in 2014. In the electricity sector, energy efficiency has proved critical in flattening electricity consumption in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development member countries, driving utilities to adapt their business models.
Promoting and expanding energy efficiency markets is a worldwide phenomenon, and EEMR 2015 presents a number of case studies at the national, state and municipal level. These include examinations of Latin America’s two largest economies, Brazil and Mexico, which are looking to efficiency to boost productivity and social development. Energy-exporting countries like Saudi Arabia and the Russian Federation are also increasingly turning to efficiency to increase exports and reduce the costs of growing domestic energy consumption. In addition to national governments, major urban areas such as Tokyo, Seoul and Paris are increasingly enabling energy efficiency investment.
OECD work on adaptation to climate change focus on two main areas: (1) adpatation policies and economics and (2) Adaptation and development co-operation. The latest Policy Perspectives on Adapting to the impacts of climate change" provides key lessons learnt from recent OECD work on adaptation, including challenges and recommendations for climate adaptation, with a focus on OECD member countries.
This Global Forum, held on 24-25 October 2016, aimed to shed light on the links between environment and economic growth, and the toolkits to quantify these links. It provided a platform to explore how a well-managed natural environment can contribute to economic growth and how an effective and efficient regulatory system can best be designed?
Biodiversity is fundamental to sustaining life, providing critical ecosystem services, such as food security, water purification, nutrient cycling, and climate regulation, that are essential to support human well-being and economic growth.