Environment in emerging and transition economies

Environmental Permitting


The objective of this work is to assist environmental regulatory agencies in EECCA to streamline and integrate environmental permitting procedures and requirements.

Several EECCA countries have expressed their intention to move progressively toward a single integrated permit system that would replace the current cumbersome and ineffective system of multiple permits for different environmental impacts. The benchmark identified by EECCA countries is the European Union’s Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive that regulates large polluters in a range of industrial sectors through procedural and substantive (technique-based) integration of environmental permitting.

A number of activities on the permitting reform in the EECCA region were undertaken by the EAP Task Force in 2001-2003. They included several regional workshops specifically devoted to permitting; translation and dissemination of the OECD reference publication “Environmental Requirements for Industrial Permitting”; preparation of a “Review of Environmental Permitting Systems in EECCA”; and supporting demonstration projects on environmental permitting in Armenia, Georgia and Kyrgyzstan.

Russia, Ukraine, and Moldova are the first EECCA countries to actively explore the possibility of convergence with the IPPC Directive through projects assisted by different donors (EuropAID, Sweden and Finland in Russia, EC’s DG Environment in Moldova, and the World Bank in Ukraine).

Work on environmental permitting will comprise two sets of activities:
assistance in improvement of permitting procedures; and
assistance in reforming the permitting systems on the basis of an assessment of the role of technique-based and environmental quality-based approaches to industrial permitting in the EECCA context.


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