Environment in emerging and transition economies

Environmental expenditure data

 

The collection of high-quality and reliable environmental expenditure data is crucial for policy makers to develop effective environmental policies and for donors and international financing institutions to target their assistance programmes better. This information is also valuable for strengthening public participation in policy decisions in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia (EECCA).

 

The methodological framework for the collection and analysis of data on environmental expenditure in EECCA, carried out within the EAP Task Force framework, builds upon the OECD/Eurostat methodology for Pollution Abatement and Control (PAC) Expenditure. This methodology has been applied in several EECCA countries, among which, Armenia, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Russia (Novgorod and Pskov Oblasts). Data collection in these countries revealed important methodological, accounting and definitional differences that often make it difficult to interpret figures, develop continuous time trends and conduct cross-country comparisons. This experience has underlined the need for reform of environmental expenditure data collection systems in EECCA in line with internationally-recognised standards, such as those of OECD and Eurostat.

 

Georgia, Ukraine and the Kyrgyz Republic benefited from institutional assistance aimed at reforming the system of environmental expenditure data collection system in line with the OECD/Eurostat standards. This work resulted in the introduction of an international state-of-the-art system for regular collection and dissemination of environmental expenditure data in these countries. Unfortunately, once donor support for the projects ceased, the countries disconnected the regular collection of environmental expenditure data.

 

Nevertheless, the collection and analysis of data on environmental expenditure in the EECCA countries by the Environmental Action Programme (EAP) Task Force delivered a unique and solid information basis for policy analysis and reforms within the “Environment for Europe” process. With the assistance of the EAP Task Force, for the first time, most EECCA countries (except for Belarus and Tajikistan) collected historical environmental expenditure data according to an internationally-recognised methodology and classification.

 

Related Documents

 

Public and private finance for environmental and climate change programmes

Trends in environmental finance in Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia, 2007

Environmental expenditure in the Kyrgyz Republic and Ukraine, 2006

Environment and natural resources management expenditure in the Republic of Moldova, 2002

Implementation of a system of environmental expenditure statistics in Georgia, 2001

Environmental expenditure in EECCA - Russian country report, 2001

Environmental expenditure in EECCA - Georgian country report, 2000

 

Also Available

Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cape Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Chinese Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong, China
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • Netherlands Antilles
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Administered Areas
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Romania
  • Russian Federation
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (UK)
  • Wallis and Futuna Islands
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe