Environment

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Spain 2015

In series:OECD Environmental Performance Reviewsview more titles

Published on March 02, 2015

Also available in: Spanish, French

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The OECD Environmental Performance Review Programme provides independent assessments of countries’ progress in achieving their domestic and international environmental policy commitments, together with policy relevant recommendations. This report is the third OECD review of Spain’s environmental performance. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with a focus on biodiversity and the environmental performance of the private sector.

Reviews are conducted to promote peer learning, enhance governments’ accountability to each other and to the public, and improve countries’ environmental performance, individually and collectively. They are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental data. Each cycle of the Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD member countries and selected partner countries. The most recent reviews include: Iceland (2014), Sweden (2014), Colombia (2014).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface
Foreword
General notes
Executive summary
Progress towards sustainable development3 chapters available
Key environmental trends
Policy-making environment
Towards green growth
Progress towards selected environmental objectives2 chapters available
The conservation and sustainable use of the marine and terrestrial environment
Environmental performance of the industrial sector
Annexes2 chapters available
Selected data
Actions taken on selected recommendations from the 2004 OECD Review
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 press release

P‌hoto: MAGRAMA.

 “Spain has visibly improved its environmental performance since the turn of the century,” said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, presenting the Review in Madrid. “Spain must now ensure that its economic recovery does not undo that work. There is scope to both strengthen and simplify environmental policies to achieve growth that is robust, inclusive and green.”

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"España ha tenido importantes logros en su desempeño medioambiental durante la última década. Con todo y la crisis, este país ha avanzado a paso firme en sus esfuerzos por proteger la biodiversidad y sus ricos ecosistemas. Esperamos que el análisis y las recomendaciones que ofrece este informe les sean de utilidad para seguir mejorando, aprovechando el actual contexto. En efecto, la recuperación ofrece oportunidades de fortalecer y simplificar la regulación medioambiental para cimentar un crecimiento más sólido, más incluyente y más verde."

Ángel Gurría, Secretario General de la OCDE

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highlights

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Spain has made impressive progress in many aspects of environmental performance. As one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots, with stunning coastal and terrestrial landscapes, Spain has relied on rich natural endowments to support the economy, including a strong tourism sector.

The carbon, energy and resource intensity of the economy has declined and protected natural areas have expanded significantly. Yet, environmental challenges remain. These are driven, in part, by land conversion during the construction boom of the early 2000s and population growth, especially in coastal areas. Pressures on the environment are likely to increase as the economy recovers.

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España ha hecho notables progresos en muchos aspectos del desempeño ambiental. Es uno de los principales puntos calientes de la biodiversidad del mundo, con espectaculares paisajes costeros y terrestres, que ha dependido de su rico patrimonio natural para estimular la economía, incluido un fuerte sector turístico.

Ha disminuido la intensidad de la economía respecto del carbono, la energía y los recursos y se han ampliado considerablemente los espacios naturales protegidos. Sin embargo, persisten los desafíos ambientales que obedecen, en parte, a la conversión de terrenos durante el auge de la construcción de principios de la década de 2000 y al aumento de la población, especialmente en las zonas costeras. A medida que la economía se recupere, es probable que aumenten las presiones sobre el medio ambiente.

 

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