Environmental indicators, modelling and outlooks


  • The Land-Water-Energy Nexus - Biophysical and Economic Consequences

    This report contributes to the discussion of interconnections between scarce resources by highlighting the nexus between land, water and energy (the LWE nexus). It focuses on a dynamic, integrated, and disaggregated analysis of how land, water and energy interact in the biophysical and economic systems.

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  • Air pollution to cause 6-9 million premature deaths and cost 1% GDP by 2060

    This report provides a comprehensive assessment of the economic consequences of outdoor air pollution in the coming decades, focusing on the impacts on mortality, morbidity, and changes in crop yields as caused by high concentrations of pollutants. Unless more stringent policies are adopted, findings point to a significant increase in global emissions and concentrations of air pollutants, with severe impacts on human health and the environment.

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  • Costs of Inaction and Resource Scarcity

    The CIRCLE project aims at identifying how feedbacks from poor environmental quality, climatic change and natural resource scarcity are likely to affect economic growth in the coming decades. A broad global assessment that encompass the economic growth implications of several environmental challenges.

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The OECD's environmental indicators, constantly developed and refined since the 1990s, and its modelling and prospective work, serve as a basis for sound and informed green growth policies.

Key areas of work



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