Environment and trade

What's New

  • The Stringency of Environmental Regulations and Trade in Environmental Goods

    This new report assesses conceptually and empirically the extent to which the stringency of environmental regulations drives international trade in environmental goods. While increased trade in environmental products is not an end in itself, the environmental benefits this entails can contribute to global improvements in environmental quality. By increasing demand for environmental products and technologies, environmental policy can complement trade policy in supporting pollution-reduction efforts not just domestically, but also abroad.

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  • Environment and Regional Trade Agreements

    This report examines trends in the use of environmental provisions in Regional Trade Agreements and identifies factors which may explain the presence or absence of these provisions. The report builds on work of the OECD Joint Working Party on Trade and Environment (JWPTE) and includes results of an informal survey of delegates.

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  • Developments in Regional Trade Agreements and the Environment

    This report provides an update on recent developments in the field of Regional Trade Agreements and the environment. Issues arising in the implementation of RTAs with environmental considerations are examined as well as experience in assessing their environmental impacts.

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OECD work on environment and trade covers relevant topics such as fossil fuel subsidies, the relationship between environment and regional trade agreements, as well as the illegal trade in environmentally sensitive goods.

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Inventory of Estimated Budgetary Support and Tax Expenditures for Fossil Fuels 2013

Quantitative estimates of support for the production or consumption of fossil fuels in OECD member economies, with a summary of each country's energy economy and support measures.

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Environment and Regional Trade Agreements

This study provides an overview of approaches to environmental issues in RTAs and summarises country experiences in their negotiation and practical application

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OECD Trade and environment papers

Access selected studies addressing the policy interface between trade and environment, including such issues a liberalizing trade in goods that affect the environment, and trade in environmental goods and services.

» Read it online

» Trade books
» Trade policy papers
» Trade and environment papers


Key Areas in Environment and Trade

Inventory of Estimated Budgetary Support and Tax Expenditures for Fossil Fuels
Support to fossil-fuel production and use in OECD countries was USD 55 – 90 billion annually during the 2005 – 2011 period, according to this inventory of over 550 mechanisms in the 34 OECD member countries. The Inventory furthers transparency and accountability, providing estimates that will help governments and stakeholders assess these policies as they look at ways to reform subsidies.

» Access the inventory site

Environment and Regional Trade Agreements
Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) have increased significantly in number over the past few years. The number of RTAs which include environmental provisions is also increasing. This study of RTAs is based on the analysis of RTA texts, and on literature examining their actual implementation, as well as on first-hand comments and input from experts from both OECD and non-OECD countries.

» Read more about environment and regional trade agreements

Illegal Trade in Environmentally Sensitive Goods
The future of the agriculture and food system is subject to considerable concerns. Increasing agricultural demand, fuelled by growing and increasingly urbanized population, rising incomes and substantial demands for feedstock commodities for energy and other non-food uses. OECD work focuses on the dialogue across governments and with other stakeholders, experts and modelers. and brings together aspects from a variety of economic, biophysical, social and political issues, thus allowing for a multi-disciplinary approach necessary for an informed debate.

» Learn more about research into illegal trade

Other Topics in Environment and Trade