The OECD Environmental Performance Review Programme provides independent assessments
of countries’ progress in achieving their domestic and international environmental
policy commitments, together with policy relevant recommendations. They are conducted
to promote peer learning, to enhance countries’ accountability to each other and to
the public, and to improve governments’ environmental performance, individually and
collectively. The Reviews are supported by a broad range of economic and environmental
data. Each cycle of the Environmental Performance Reviews covers all OECD member countries
and selected partner countries. The most recent reviews include: Mexico (2013), Germany
(2012) and Slovenia (2012). This report is the third OECD review of Italy’s environmental
performance. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth,
with a focus on policies that promote more effective and efficient water management
and provide better incentives to tackle climate change.
Italy has taken a range of initiatives to improve the management of its natural resources and reduce energy intensity. Despite this progress, the OECD’s Environmental Performance Review of Italy says the country still faces numerous environmental challenges.