World leaders are facing a fundamental dilemma: take strong action to address the risks associated with climate change, or see the ability to limit this threat slip from their grasp. Check out how the OECD is contributing to get a successful outcome in December at COP21 in Paris.
This report provides a new detailed quantitative assessment of the consequences of climate change on economic growth through to 2060 and beyond. It focuses on how climate change affects different drivers of growth, including labour productivity and capital supply, in different sectors across the world. The sectoral and regional analysis shows that while the impacts of climate change spread across all sectors and all regions, the largest negative consequences are projected to be found in the health and agricultural sectors, with damages especially strong in Africa and Asia.
This report reviews trends and progress on climate change mitigation policies in 34 OECD countries and 10 partner economies (Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Indonesia, India, Latvia, Lithuania, the Russian Federation and South Africa), as well as in the European Union. Together, these countries account for over 80% of global GHG emissions. It covers three areas: 1) mitigation targets and goals, 2) carbon pricing instruments (such as energy and carbon taxation, emissions trading systems, as well as support for fossil fuels) and 3) key domestic policy settings in the energy and other sectors (including renewable energy, power generation and transport, innovation and R&D, and mitigation policies in agriculture, forestry, industry and waste sectors).
The CCXG is a group of government delegates and experts from OECD and other industrialised countries. Its aim is to promote dialogue on and enhance understanding of technical issues in the international climate change negotiations. A new report is now available on Overview of Intended Nationally-Determined Contributions.
Limiting climate change to 2°C requires a major shift in investment patterns towards low-carbon, climate resilient options. Documents to the OECD Green Investment Bank Workshop held in May at the OECD are now available online.
Cost-benefit analyses and other quantitative appraisals are used in many countries to support decision-making in public policy, including investment projects in sectors such as transport and energy. This paper discusses the range of approaches which can be employed to value changes in carbon emissions in policy appraisalsand presents some case studies and a survey of current practice in OECD countries.
The Research Collaborative conducts and co-ordinates work to develop and assess methods for estimating private finance mobilised by developed countries for climate action in developing countries. Its latest publication highlights options that could be implemented and outlines longer-term action points towards systematic and comparable data and methods. Sections on researchers's group and on-going activities are updated.
OECD work on adaptation to climate change focus on two main areas: (1) adpatation policies and economics and (2) Adaptation and development co-operation. The latest report "Climate Change Risks and Adaptation" proposes an iterative process for managing the risks from climate change, gives an overview of costs and benefits of adaptation at the national and regional scale and discusses adaptation finance in OECD countries.
The CCXG Global Forum, held on 8 September 2015 at the OECD, brought together technical negotiators and experts from OECD and non-OECD countries to discuss topics relevant to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change negotiations. It facilitated a sharing of views on issues in the current negotiations on adaptation, climate support, review processes for mitigation, and long-term signals provided within a climate agreement.
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Report to the G20 Climate Finance Study Group prepared by the OECD.