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Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) Global Forum - March 2015

 

The CCXG Global Forum, held on 17-18 March at the OECD Conference Centre in Paris, brought together technical negotiators and experts from both OECD and non-OECD countries to discuss specific topics relevant to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) negotiations. It aimed to facilitate an informal sharing of views through focussed discussions on technical issues in the current negotiations, including on adaptation, climate support, review processes for mitigation, and long-term signals provided within a climate agreement. In each breakout session, the major elements emerging from the discussions were summarised, along with areas of convergence and non-convergence where possible.

Meeting documents

  • Summary slides: Breakout 1 - Nationally Determined Contributions - Review and accounting for transfers
  • Summary slides: Breakout A - Adaptation in the 2015 agreement
  • Summary slides: Breakout B and C - Pre 2020 mitigation and long-term signals
  • Summary slides: Breakout Group 2 and 3- Enhancing climate support

 

Agenda, presentations and final list of participants

DAY 1 - 17 MARCH 2015

9:30 –09:40  -  Welcoming remarks and COP 20 key takeaways

9:40 –11:00  -  Opening Plenary: Path to COP 21- Taking stock of key decisions points

Focus: Current mitigation pledges and contributions are not consistent with a cost-effective global emissions pathway towards the internationally-agreed goal of limiting temperature rises to less than 2°C. To be successful, the 2015 agreement will need to set a framework that encourages more ambitious mitigation, as well as enhanced adaptation. This session focused on what leads to countries enacting and implementing the ambitious climate policies, and what provisions in the 2015 climate agreement could help make this happen.

Speakers

  • Simon Upton, Environment Director, OECD
  • Edgar Gutiérrez Espeleta, Environment Minister, Costa Rica
  • Amjad Abdulla, Director General, Ministry of Environment, Energy and Water, Maldives
  • Zou Ji, Deputy Director, National Centre for Climate Change Strategy, China
  • Franz Perrez, Ambassador, Federal Office for the Environment, Switzerland


11:30 – 13:00  -  Plenary: Aligning policies for the transition to a low-carbon economy (APT)

Focus: The OECD-IEA-ITF-NEA project on Aligning Policies for the Transition to a low-carbon economy aims to identify policy misalignments that hamper the effectiveness of low-carbon policies. It broadens the scope of climate policy analysis to portfolios that are not traditionally at the core of climate action, to indicate how to enhance the responsiveness of economies to climate policy while addressing other important structural challenges. This work will be presented at the OECD Ministerial in June 2015, as one of the contributions in support of COP21.

Speakers

  • Richard Baron and Virginie Marchal, OECD, General Secretariat
  • Giovanna Valverde Stark, Costa Rica
  • Pedro Liberato, Portugal

 

14:30 – 18:00  -  Breakout Group 1: Nationally determined contributions (NDCs) Room CC 12

Focus: Discussed two areas related to NDCs which are important to clarify as part of the 2015 agreement. The first session examined proposals in the Geneva negotiating text related to the “strategic review” of mitigation NDCs, and discussed how these could be operationalised to enhance ambition. The second session focused on accounting for international carbon market transfers for different types of NDCs.

Background document: “Strategic review: Implications of proposals to date for mitigatin contributions”, by Sara Moarif

Co-facilitators: Ngedikes Olai Uludong, AOSIS; and Peter Betts, UK

14:30 – 16:00  -  Part I 16:30 – 18:00  -  Part 2

• Sara Moarif, OECD
• Brian Mantlana, South Africa
• Marcel Berk, Netherlands

  • Christina Hood, IEA
  • El Hadji Mbaye Diagne, Senegal
  • Kay Harrison, New Zeland 

14:30 – 18:00  -  Breakout Group A: Adaptation in the 2015 agreement: implications of proposals to date

Focus: Discussed two areas related to adaptation in the 2015 Agreement. The goal is to explore how the 2015 Agreement can help to foster enhanced policies and co-ordinated planning for greater resilience and adaptation capabilities at the national level. The first session examined what types of adaptation programmes have worked on the national and local levels and how it verification that they are successful adaptation efforts takes place. The second session focused on the most feasible aims for adaptation in the 2015 Agreement and the best ways to achieve identified objectives.

Background documents

• “The role of the 2015 agreement in enhancing adaptation to climate change”, by Jennifer Helgeson and Jane Ellis

• “The role of the 2015 agreement to further advance adaptation action to climate change”, by Irene Suárez Pérez (Progresum)

Co-facilitators: Xolisa Ngwadla, South Africa; and Marianne Karlsen, Norway

14:30 – 16:00  -- Part I 16:30 – 18:00  -- Part 2
• Jennifer Helgeson, OECD 
• Dawn Pierre-Nathoniel, St. Lucia
• Stéphane Isoard, EEA 
• Ainun Nishat, BRAC University, Bangladesh
• Jane Ellis, OECD 
• Irene Suarez, Progresum
• Houssam Eddine Hamimid, Algeria 

DAY 2 - 18 March 2015

9:30 –11:00  -  Plenary: Recognising actions of non-state actors

FOCUS: Range of initiatives currently taken by non-state (sub-national) actors and how the new agreement can further facilitate and enhance such actions and explored how these initiatives could be recognised pre- and post-2020 under the UNFCCC framework.

Speakers 

  • Celia Blauel, Deputy Mayor of Paris
  • Cristobal Reveco Umaña, NGO Adapt-Chile
  • Seth Schultz, C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group


11:30 –13:00  -  Breakout Group 2: Role of the 2015 agreement in accelerating technology and capacity building

FOCUS: Whether and how certain proposals within the draft negotiating text for the 2015 agreement could accelerate capacity building and technology development for climate change mitigation and adaptation; and sharing information on how these processes have worked in the past. It also explored the links between technology, capacity building, and finance, and how such links might impact the provision of support within the UNFCCC framework.

Background document: “Assessing options to increase climate support”, by Jane Ellis, Sara Moarif, Yoko Nobuoka, Marta Pellegrino and Jennifer Helgeson

Co-facilitators: Tosi Mpanu-Mpanu, Democratic Republic of Congo; and Tomonori Sudo, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Speakers

  • Sara Moarif, OECD
  • Ambuj Sagar, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)

  • Matthew Kennedy, Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI)
  • Yamide Dagnet, World Resources Institute (WRI)

11:30 – 13:00  -  Breakout Group BEnhancing pre-2020mitigation action in the energy sector

FOCUS: What more can be done within the UNFCCC process (in particular ADP workstream 2, but also through the 2015 climate agreement more generally) to accelerate the transition to low-carbon energy systems in the short term. 

Background document: “Energy Sector Transformation: Issues and Options for the UNFCCC Negotiations”, by Christina Hood and Gregory Briner

Co-facilitators: Gilberto Arias, Advisor to Marshall Islands; and Sarah Kuen, Belgium

Speakers

  • Laura Cozzi, IEA
  • Aryanie Amellina, Indonesia
  • Daniele Agostini, ENEL
  • Line Hauschildt, Denmark


Breakout Group 3:
 Role of the 2015 agreement in accelerating technology and capacity building

FOCUS: Examining proposals in the Geneva negotiating text related to climate finance and explore how these could mobilise finance for mitigation and adaptation in the UNFCCC context; and considering pros and cons of these proposals regarding their effectiveness in meeting their objectives, whether they would fill a current gap, and the ease with which they could be monitored. 

Background document: “Assessing options to increase climate support”, by Jane Ellis, Sara Moarif, Yoko Nobuoka, Marta Pellegrino and Jennifer Helgeson

Co-facilitators: Tosi Mpanu-Mpanu, Democratic Republic of Congo; and Tomonori Sudo, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Speakers 

  • Jane Ellis, OECD
  • Seyni Nafo, Mali

  • Isabel Cavelier Adarve, AILAC Support Unit
  • Jochen Harnisch, KfW Development Bank

14:30 – 16:30  -  Breakout Group CLong-term signals for mitigation action

FOCUS: How the 2015 agreement can provide clear long-term signals to investors (particularly in the energy sector), through long-term targets, review cycles.

Background document: “Energy Sector Transformation: Issues and Options for the UNFCCC Negotiations”, by Christina Hood and Gregory Briner

Co-facilitators: Gilberto Arias, Advisor to Marshall Islands; and Sarah Kuen, Belgium

Speakers

  • Christina Hood, IEA
  • Emily Park, Korea 
  • Farhana Yamin, Track 0
  • Tomasz Chruszczow, Poland

Closing Plenary: Reflections on the discussions in the breakout groups, and implications for future CCXG work

Speakers

  • Paul Watkinson
  • Olai Uludong and Peter Betts
  • Xolisa Ngwadla and Marianne Karlsen
  • Gilberto Arias and Sarah Kuen
  • Tosi Mpanu Mpanu and Tomonori Sudo

Find out more about the work of the Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG)

 

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