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  • 16-March-2020

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    Green Budgeting – A Compass for achieving our environmental goals Paris Collaborative on Green Budgeting & Coalition of Finance Ministers for Climate Action

    The OECD Paris Collaborative on Green Budgeting was launched at the One Planet Summit in December 2017 to provide a platform to share experiences and good practices on how best to integrate climate and broader environmental goals with the budget process.

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  • 16-March-2020

    English

    Gender and environmental statistics

    There is growing recognition of the need for a gender lens to understand the impact of environmental factors on well-being.

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  • 13-March-2020

    English

    EU4Environment

    The “European Union for Environment” Action aims to help six Eastern partner countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, preserve their natural capital and increase people's environmental well-being, and is structured around five topics: Greener decision-making; Circular economy and new growth opportunities; Environmental level playing field; Ecosystem services and livelihoods...

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  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Policies, regulatory framework and enforcement for air quality management: The case of Korea - Environment Working Paper

    During past years, Korea figured among the OECD countries with the highest share of population exposed to excessive PM2.5 (atmospheric particulate matter that have a diameter of less than 2.5 micrometres) concentrations and PM2.5 concentration level in Seoul is about two times higher than the WHO’s guidelines or the levels of other major cities in developed countries.

  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Policies, regulatory framework and enforcement for air quality management: The case of China - Environment Working Paper

    Four decades of rapid economic expansion in China has generated enormous pressure on the environment, natural resources and public health. Alarming smog outbreaks during the 2010-13 period prompted the government to introduce a number of reforms to control air pollution, including a re-organisation of environmental institutions, improving the coordination and integrity of enforcement actions across levels of government...

  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Policies, regulatory framework and enforcement for air quality management: The case of Japan - Environment Working Paper

    The pollution intensity of the Japanese economy, measured as emissions per dollar of GDP, is among the lowest within OECD countries. However, air pollution remains a significant issue. Almost 80% of the Japanese residents were exposed to an annual concentration of PM2.5 above the WHO guideline while the attainment rate of the domestic air quality standard for photochemical oxidants is below 1%.

  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Managing the biodiversity impacts of fertiliser and pesticide use - Trends and policies across selected OECD countries - Environment Working Paper

    This paper reviews the impacts and costs of pesticide and fertiliser pollution as well as the policy responses to counter these in selected OECD countries. More specifically, the paper begins with an overview of the main biodiversity and health impacts of excess pesticide and fertiliser. In economic terms, nitrogen pollution, for example, has been estimated to cost the European Union between EUR 70 billion and EUR 320 billion per year.

  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Policies, regulatory framework and enforcement for air quality management: The case of Japan

    The pollution intensity of the Japanese economy, measured as emissions per dollar of GDP, is among the lowest within OECD countries. However, air pollution remains a significant issue. Almost 80% of the Japanese residents were exposed to an annual concentration of PM2.5 above the WHO guideline while the attainment rate of the domestic air quality standard for photochemical oxidants is below 1%. The analysis of the regulatory and enforcement framework for air quality management in Japan identifies best practises and key remaining challenges, including a limited understanding of the generation mechanism of ozone pollution and the need to strengthen cooperation among Prefectures. This paper complements two case studies on air quality policies in China and Korea, and a third case study on international regulatory cooperation on air quality in North America, Europe and North-East Asia.
  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Policies, regulatory framework and enforcement for air quality management: The case of China

    Four decades of rapid economic expansion in China has generated enormous pressure on the environment, natural resources and public health. Alarming smog outbreaks during the 2010-13 period prompted the government to introduce a number of reforms to control air pollution, including a re-organisation of environmental institutions, improving the coordination and integrity of enforcement actions across levels of government, and the rolling out of a permit system for all stationary pollution sources. This paper reviews these recent developments, and discusses key remaining challenges. The paper complements two case studies on air quality policies in Korea and Japan, and a third case study on international regulatory cooperation on air quality in North America, Europe and North-East Asia.
  • 13-March-2020

    English

    Managing the biodiversity impacts of fertiliser and pesticide use - Overview and insights from trends and policies across selected OECD countries

    This paper reviews the impacts and costs of pesticide and fertiliser pollution as well as the policy responses to counter these in selected OECD countries. More specifically, the paper begins with an overview of the main biodiversity and health impacts of excess pesticide and fertiliser. In economic terms, nitrogen pollution, for example, has been estimated to cost the European Union between EUR 70 billion and EUR 320 billion per year. The paper also provides an overview of the trends in both pesticide sales (per 1000 ha of agricultural land area), and pesticide use (in tonnes of active ingredients), as well as soil nutrient balances in OECD countries before reviewing policy instruments available to promote more sustainable fertiliser and pesticide use. Case studies of specific policy responses used to address adverse impacts of pesticides including in Denmark and France are presented along with case studies of policies to counter nutrient pollution in Denmark, Japan and the United States. Based on the literature review and case studies, the paper concludes with policy insights and recommendations.
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